With and fellow researchers worked on enhancing positivity not

With the general belief that conferring about issues with
professionals would be therapeutic, the number of clients looking forward to
seek advice and help from therapists have increased drastically (Rashid, 2009)
since coon’s age. This furtherance has remarkably contributed towards the progress
of psychotherapy within its field and paved way for the advancement in other
facets of psychological treatment methods. Even though the goal of therapeutic
practice is to alleviate distressing symptoms, it seldom focus on heightening
one’s happiness or state of euphoria. There were barely any empirically
investigated remedial treatment to proliferate happiness.  The deficit in emphasis on happiness in the
field of Psychology was officially addressed first by Martin Seligman in 1998
during his term as President of The American Psychological Association (APA).
This aspiring branch of psychological study viewed happiness at a personal
level; strengths, capabilities, virtues, capacities, ethics, etc. and at a
level of intuitive experiences in the past, present and the future (Seligman,
2000).  Thus, the study was given the
term Positive Psychology. There were not as many psychologists interested in
this particular branch of Psychology until recent. Lately, Seligman and fellow
researchers worked on enhancing positivity not only among the clinical
population encountering dilemma, but also among the general public who are free
of psychological issues. They believed that Positive Psychology could be
applied to Clinical psychological practice and conducted further research on
how Positive Psychological Interventions (PPIs) could be incorporated with treatment
and therefore improve quality of life (Seligman, Rashid, & Parks, 2006). The
empirical results showed that there are many interventions which could be opted
in order to promote satisfaction as well as to overcome affliction, sufferings
and torments (Parks & Schueller, 2014).

            It is clear that
the aim of Positive psychology is to advance good health of individuals. Human
beings possess various personal strengths. Numerous PPIs have been introduced
to additionally develop such qualities associated with happiness. Without much
of a stretch, PPIs can be exploited by specialists, therapists and experts;
counsellors, instructors, social laborers, etc.  Research on PPIs is being progressively
experimented in clinical settings. There is evidence that integrating PPIs as
treatment intercessions in treating dysfunctional behavior is eminent (Sin and
Lyubomirsky, 2009). Hence, owing to the fact that PPIs have produced favorable
outcomes, these interventions are currently being continuously utilized mainly
in therapeutic centers. Nevertheless, PPIs can be generally used by individuals
who are keen to improve their wellbeing, inner selves as well as positive
emotions.

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            Usually
before opting a PPI it is imperative for a practitioner to know how the selected
intercession functions; how can its efficiency be achieved; and whether the
client will or will not be capable to securely gain advantage by practice.
Likewise, the professional should definitely take essential provision to secure
the betterment of his clients. Distinguishing the most satisfactory PPI can be
challenging. To overcome this, the concept of “personalized positive psychology
program” was presented by Parks & Schueller in 2014. Certainly, the real
results and the feeling of fulfilment of clients is what accounts for the effectiveness
of PPIs. To ensure absolute results a suitability assessment is conducted to
assess three aspects; Person activity fit,
corresponding to age, gender, personality and other variants (Kashdan &
Rottenberg, 2010; Schueller, 2011, 2012); Cultural
ruminations, emphasizing distinctive cultural traditions, beliefs and
customs (Uchida & Kitayama, 2009; Leu, Wang & Koo, 2011); Ethical Considerations, considering
ethical standards.

            The
effectiveness of PPIs in clinical settings could be better understood by closely
relating to Gratitude interventions and Mindfulness interventions; two vastly
used practical PPIs in clinical settings. Contingent to the context, the term Gratitude
has various distinctive implications. In clinical explanation gratitude is to
appreciate and to be thankful for almost everything. Majority of the studies demonstrate
a close relationship between sensation of wellbeing and gratitude. There are various
appraisal measures accessible to evaluate gratitude and also restorative
activities and strategies for improvement which are generally basic and simple
to coordinate into clinical practice. Many controlled test trials have analyzed
the advantages of appreciation. As mentioned earlier, Gratitude is believed to
have one of the most grounded connects to emotional wellness and fulfillment
with life. Individuals who are grateful encounter more elevated amounts of
positive feelings, for example, satisfaction, excitement, love, joy, and good
faith. Being grateful can also help to expel harmful forces of begrudge and
hatred. Individuals who encounter appreciation can adapt adequately to
pressure, and improve both mental and physical and even spiritual wellbeing.
Thus, these outcomes show that gratitude is contrary with negative feelings and
neurotic conditions and that it might even offer assurance against mental
issues. Emmons and McCullogh (2003) scientifically investigated state of
happiness by requesting participants to maintain a gratitude journal in which
they would note down the counted blessings as research in gratitude
intercession depend principally on inspiring individuals to recall occasions
from the past that assistance incite appreciation. And results have shown that gratitude
improved mentality in a better way. Furthermore, people who were doled out to
keep gratitude diaries on a week by week basis engaged frequently in exercises,
complained less physical manifestations, had better feeling about their lives
all in all, and were more hopeful about the future in contrast to individuals
who did not maintain a gratitude journal and reported issues or impartial life
occasions. Additionally, ones who maintained the gratitude journal on a day to
day basis brought about higher revealed levels of the positive conditions of
readiness, excitement, assurance and mindfulness. Members in the everyday
appreciation group reported to have assisted somebody with an issue or having
offered passionate help to another, in respect to the issues or social dilemmas.
This shows the major impact of the intervention influenced individuals to
reflect on those parts of their lives for which they are appreciative.
Different advantages have reached out to the physical domain, as well as
quality sleep and additional time spent practicing for those maintaining
journals of gratitude.

When contemplating mindfulness with regards to Positive psychology,
significant bits of knowledge are being uncovered in connection to an
individual’s psychological and physical wellbeing. Mindfulness is investigated
in connection to parenthood, execution, sports, heftiness, despondency,
pregnancy, otherworldly existence, bliss, mortality, and numerous other
noteworthy points. This practice encourages to reconsider about life in ways
that really extends one’s comprehension of prosperity. These days, pregnant
mothers take an interest in meditative interventions, employees who are
distressed look forward to practice relaxation techniques, competitors and
spotsmen ponder to enhance their execution, and individuals experiencing
treatment contemplate to enhance their wellbeing (Ivtzan, 2015). The primary
reason is an assortment of logical research that demonstrates the viability of
thoughtful intercessions, and their beneficial outcome on the cardiovascular
framework, torment alleviation, diminishing nervousness and stretch, and etc.
Act of being mindful have been utilized both in clinical and non-clinical
settings to advance prosperity. (Zindel et al., 2002; Kabat-Zinn, 2003; Shapiro
et al., 2006; Walach et al., 2007; Shonin et al., 2013). Adavntages of following
mindfulness interventions are; being aware of one’s considerations and feelings
advances good health, it can enhance your working memory, it goes about as a
barrier against the depressive indications related with separation, it can
enable to improve virtues, qualities and good personality traits, increases
satisfaction, provides strength, recoils the pressure locale in the cerebrum,
etc.

In spite of the fact that the name may recommend such, PPIs do not
infer that whatever left of psychotherapies are negative. A main focus of any
PPI is that human beings cannot comprehend positives without understanding
negatives. By one check, it is stated that there are twice the same number of negative
feelings than positive emotions (Nesse, 1991). As a matter of course, humans
recall and recover negative encounters and feelings more effortlessly than the
positive experiences. PPIs basically are revised instruction of retention and
concentration. If one PPI (Seligman, Rashid, and Parks, 2006) requests that participants
compose three great things that made the day better and furthermore consider
the underlying reasons. This possibly encourages them to end the day
recollecting positive occasions than negative events. Likewise, the letter of
gratitude and visit may move memory far from the disenchanting parts of past
connections to appreciating the great things that loved ones have offered (Seligman
et al., 2006). In emphasizing positives, practitioner should be careful that it
is idealistic to consider an existence without negative encounters. PPIs expand
the advantages of mental science to its nonclinical people who need to make
their lives all the more satisfying and more joyful. In present, therapeutic interventions
have little to offer to nonclinical people who need to go from null to higher
levels of joy and contentment. In conclusion, PPIs offer a square with open
door for diagnosable individuals to beat challenges by dealing with challenging
issues and shortfalls and in addition for non-diagnosable to prosper.