William with Hermia; their love becomes unrequited in Hermia’s

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, was an  English playwright, actor, and poet, from roughly 1594 onward. Written records give little indication of the way in which Shakespeare’s professional life molded his artistry. Shakespeare was an English playwright, actor and poet also known as the “Bard of Avon” and was also often called “England’s National Poet”. All that can be deduced is that, in his 20 years as a playwright, Shakespeare wrote plays that capture the complete range of human emotion and conflict. Shakespeare also wrote several comedies during his early period and “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” is one of them. Within “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” by famous poet William Shakespeare, the theme of love is conveyed using many literary devices. The love between characters Lysander and Hermia was out of envy for Helena, but after Puck’s mistake in making Lysander fall in love with Hermia; their love becomes unrequited in Hermia’s case and hatred in Lysander’s. The love in the story was symbolic in many ways. Symbolism was the most used literary term. Shakespeare also uses literary elements such as dialogue, conflict, and symbolism to develop the theme. Shakespeare uses the element of symbolism to indirectly have real world objects represent support of the theme.              Shakespeare most importantly uses the element of symbolism. One of the many symbolic subjects is the moon. The moon is a symbol of the time that Theseus has to wait until he is able to marry Hippolyta. It also represented his patience. In the first scene of the play, Hippolyta states “Four days will quickly steep themselves in night; Four nights will quickly dream away the time”. Hippolyta also uses symbolism of the moon when she says “And then the moon, like to a silver bow. New bent in heaven shall behold the night, of our solemnities”. Representing on the last moon they will have the celebration of their wedding. One element that  “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” withholds is conflict. The use of conflict is excessive , especially due to the fact of the drama within the play. The primary conflict is between Hermia and her father which is Egeus. Egeus doesn’t want Hermia to marry Lysander , because he wants her to marry Demetrius instead. Hermia wants to marry Lysander because she is in love with him, but Helena is in love with Demetrius and Hermia has no interest in him. This builds up three-way conflict and lots of tension between them. The conflict supports the theme of love because within this conflict they all show who their emotion and who they really love. Due to the people they truly loved conflict was built because of other’s input on their love. In addition, similar conflict in the play is when Helena and Lysander got put under a spell by Puck. The spell caused them to fall in love with each other. This causes conflict between Hermia and Lysander, because Hermia believes Lysander to have left her for Helena. When Lysander was under the spell Hermia revealed that she had a dream. She stated that “Pluck this crawling serpent from my breast”. The serpent being the spell breaking her love for Lysander.Dialogue was frequently used because obviously because it was a play. The dialogue really shows the mood and emotion and also connects to the tone. As an example, where Lysander and Hermia exposed their love for each other, also revealing their escape to Athens. In response, Egeus demanded that Theseus use Athenian law to punish them. Without the dialogue of Theseus when he stated the lines 88-89, “Upon that day prepare to die. For disobedience to your father’s will”. As in Hermia’s father’s will for her to marry Demetrius. Without the use of this dialogue the audience wouldn’t been informed about how Egeus and Theseus felt about the love relationship between Hermia and Lysander. Another portion of the play where dialogue was displayed was in the scene where Oberon put the love spell on Titania. In which he accidentally causes her to fall in love with Bottom but then realized his mistake. Eventually Oberon found Titania and took the spell away. He then uses dialogue to tell the audience that Bottom will think is all a dream when he wakes up. This reveals love because he does not want Bottom to remember being with Titania whom Oberon loves. William Shakespeare expressed the theme of love along with using literary elements. The elements displayed were dialogue, symbolism, and conflict. There were many more elements within the play. The primary element was conflict and it brung the play to life as symbolism and dialogue played their roles. Therefore the use of each literary element used by William Shakespeare in “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, were able to give the audience a better understanding of the plot.