WHAT IS IT? – Kidney stones are small,hard rock like balls, that are composed of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys and produce rock looking solutes that sit inside your kidneys. Kidney stones have different causes and can affect many parts of your urinary system, from your kidneys, to your bladder.These stones form when your urine becomes concentrated, which caused it the clump up causing a hard ball like rock to form inside your kidney This picture shows what a kidney stone looks like and containsHOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE A STONE? – If you suspect that you have kidney stones, you may need diagnostic tests and procedures like urine tests, blood testing, imaging (x-rays) will need to take place to determine if you have these stones or not. A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves around inside your kidney or passes into your bladder —or the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. Once kidney stones are present you may experience severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs. Pink, reddish blood like urine, and at the most vomiting and nausea.TREATMENT – If a kidney stone is too big to be passed naturally, which is usually 6-7mm in diameter or larger – you may need treatment to remove it another way. This could include: extracorporeal shock wave or ureteroscopy.LITHOTRIPSY – During lithotripsy, high-energy shock waves are passed through the body until it reaches the kidney stones. The waves will break the stone into very small pieces that will be easily passed through your urinary tract system. This is an easier way to remove the stone if it is unable to be passed through the body naturally. The most common form of lithotripsy is extracorporeal shock waves. Lithotripsy typically takes about 45 minutes to an hour for the procedure. After the procedure, the stones debris is removed from your kidneys or ureter, through urination. This procedure is efficient in many ways to the proper removal. It is also known as the traditional method of removing kidney stones. Like most procedures, some risks are involved in lithotripsy. You may experience internal bleeding in the body. You may also develop infection and even kidney damage when the stone blocks the flow of urine out of your kidneys. This procedure may also damage your kidneys,resulting in them not working properly after. Possible after procedure complications may include high blood pressure or kidney failure.TREATMENT – Treatment for kidney stones varies, all depending on the type of stone and the cause of it. For smaller stones the treatments include: drinking lots of water, physical treatment, and medication. For larger stones the treatments are more sever in ways such as: surgery, pain medication, and weekly treatmentsWHY? – Lithotripsy is the best way to get rid of kidney stones, because it’s a fast way to remove the pain, and has very few difficulties after the procedure. This method is also faster in time wise, and cheaper to do. There are far fewer complications with this method and is used as the traditional method for removing kidney stones.