United 219 international ones. By 2001, UPS was offering

United Pare
service Inc. (UPS) is an American Company specializing in the collection and
the routing of parcels throughout the world. In 1970’s UPS expended from
coast-to-coast and began to consolidate and expand its international services
initially in Canada and then Western Europe (Germany). By 1987, UPS was
servicing almost every address in North America, Western Europe and Japan.
This was done mainly be the establishment of high throughput distribution
centers forming major air hubs. Since 1988, UPS operates its own airline; UPS
Airline. From the hub, UPS delivers to more than 391 national airports and over
219 international ones. By 2001, UPS was offering direct air freight services
to China.
The enterprise represents an excellent example of a corporation actively
involved in freight distribution and the application of logistics. According to
the UPS’s website; The Company Headquartered in Atlanta and serves more than 220 countries
and territories worldwide. UPS handles all levels of service (air, ground,
domestic, international, commercial and residential) through one global pickup
and delivery network. All packages are commingled within the Company’s network.

The Company
settles so many air hubs all over the world. As informed in U.S. Domestic
Package; “The Company’s European air hub is located in Cologne,
Germany, and the Company
maintains Asia-Pacific air hubs in Shanghai, China; Shenzhen, China; and Hong Kong.
The Company’s regional air hub in Canada
is located in Hamilton, Ontario,
and the Company’s regional air hub for Latin America and the Caribbean is in Miami, Florida.
In the United States,
Worldport is supported by the Company’s regional air hubs in Columbia,
South Carolina; Dallas,
Texas; Ontario,
California; Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania; and Rockford, Illinois.
The Company’s United States
ground fleet serves all business and residential zip codes in the contiguous United States”.

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declared that UPS (NYSE:UPS) announced the expansion of its earliest morning
package delivery service, UPS Worldwide Express Plus™. By expanding its reach
to 28 new countries and enhancing service to cover more postal codes in 25
existing countries, shippers can reach the top 20 economies in the world¹
earlier than ever before. In the 25 existing countries, shippers can reach more
customers in many global business centers. The service is not limited to the
largest cities. This expansion now makes the service available in 3,000
additional postal codes in the United Kingdom
and 2,000 more postal codes in Canada.

Europe adds
19 countries with the greatest expansion of service in emerging economic
centers including Romania, Turkey and Serbia. Expanding early morning
delivery in Paris, London
and Milan will
benefit luxury goods retailers that demand quick turnarounds between their
design, sampling, production and fulfillment cycles.

UPS announced
that it added a less-than-container load (LCL) operation for rail shipments
from China to Europe. The service will be available from Zhengzhou, China,
to Hamburg, Germany, and is now part of the UPS
Preferred® multimodal freight services portfolio, which combines air, rail, and
ocean and/or ground transportation. UPS established a full container load (FCL)
operation for rail shipments from China
to Europe in June 2014. The company offers FCL
service between Zhengzhou and Germany, as well as between Chengdu,
China, and Lodz, Poland,
as reported in Journal of commerce.

Foundation was established in 1951 leads its global citizenship programs and is
responsible for facilitating community involvement to local, national, and
global communities. In 2015, UPS and its employees, active and retired,
invested more than $110 million in charitable giving around the world. UPS is a
proactive leader in social responsibility. It cooperates with other
associations by giving donations and helping in natural disasters. As
aircargoworks.com announced; “On behalf of the American Red Cross, the UPS
foundation delivered about 45 tons of relief supplies to help more than 50,000
residents of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, located
northeast of Guam in the Northern Pacific. The islands were battered by both Typhoon
Soudelor on Aug. 2 and Tropical Storm Goni on Aug. 15. Typhoon Soudelor later
made landfall in northeast Taiwan
on Aug. 8.”

As released
on csrwire website; During October in Atlanta,
nearly 20,000 UPS (NYSE: UPS) employees on five continents around the world
will participate in the company’s 14th annual Global Volunteer Month. Employees
are expected to donate 325,000 volunteer hours to more than 300 community
service events taking place across North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia
Pacific and Indian subcontinent, Middle East
and Africa (ISMEA). “Volunteerism and diversity are at the heart of our
culture,” said Eduardo Martinez, president of The UPS Foundation and chief
diversity and inclusion officer for UPS. “UPS and The UPS Foundation are
committed to community service all year round; by designating a specific month
for an increased focus on volunteerism, we can take our commitment to the next
level to make a significant difference in our global communities.” Each year,
UPS concludes Global Volunteer Month by awarding $10,000 grants to 14
non-profit organizations UPS employees volunteer at in each U.S. region, international region
and business unit.

And according
to the same website; The UPS Foundation announced a partnership with Zipline, a
California­-based robotics company, and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, to explore
using drones to transform the way life-saving medicines like blood and vaccines
are delivered across the world. “UPS is always exploring innovative ways to
enhance humanitarian logistics to help save lives, and we’re proud to partner
with Gavi and Zipline as we explore ways to extend the Rwandan government’s
innovations at a global scale.” said Eduardo Martinez, president of The UPS
Foundation and chief diversity and inclusion officer at UPS. The Foundation has
awarded an $800,000 grant to support the initial launch of this initiative in Rwanda.
While Rwanda’s
national drone network is initially focused on the delivery of blood supplies,
the plan is to expand the initiative to include vaccines, treatments for
HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and many other essential and lifesaving
medicines. Rwanda’s
drone delivery operation is expected to save thousands of lives over the next
three years and could serve as a model for other countries.

2. Business Ethics:

United Parcel Service is the world’s
largest package delivery company and a provider of supply chain management
solutions. UPS delivers more than 15 million packages per day to more than 7.9
million customers in more than 220 countries and territories around the world.
On many occasions UPS has been awarded for being an ethical company. It is
placed in the rankings of: Fortune Magazine – World’s Most Admired Companies in
Mail, Package, and Freight Delivery Industry; Boston College
Center – Corporate
Citizenship and many other relevant awards. And it is known as the World’s Most
Ethical Company for the tenth consecutive year by the Ethisphere® Institute, a
global leader in defining and advancing the standards of ethical business
practices. “At UPS, operating as an ethical company means doing what we say we
will do, in business conduct, in our impact on the environment and in how we
touch the lives of people in the communities where we live and work. Operating
with high ethical standards internationally is part of the culture of UPS and
this commitment is shared throughout our organization,” said Mohammad Azam, UPS
chief compliance officer. “A common theme among the 2016 World’s Most Ethical
Companies is a drive to improve corporate integrity in a way that impacts the
world,” explained Ethisphere’s Chief Executive Officer, Timothy Erblich. “UPS’s
Committed to MoreTM motto is demonstrated not only through their CSR efforts,
but by the recognition of their role in the global business community and the
value this creates for their investors, customers and employees.
Congratulations to everyone at UPS for being recognized as a 2016 World’s Most
Ethical Company!”

There are so many reasons that make
me believe that UPS is ethical; the company puts the community and its
diversity first, by making the workforce, suppliers, and stockholders feel safe
as possible, as announced in  code of
business conduct, (page: 20) “Workplace Health, Wellness, and Safety: The
well-being of our people is of utmost importance to UPS. We are committed to
protecting the health, wellness, and safety of each UPS employee. We strive to
protect our people, customers, and the public from injury and illness through
our health and safety programs. Government regulatory standards and employee
input are used to develop comprehensive programs and work processes that are
designed to promote safe workplaces and good health. We all are responsible for
understanding and complying with UPS Health and Safety processes, procedures,
and guidelines, as well as those issued by applicable regulatory authorities”.

UPS gives employees equal rights and
protects them from discrimination of race, religion, sex, and gender,” We treat
each individual fairly, and recruit, select, train, promote, and compensate
based on merit, experience, and other work-related criteria. We comply with all
laws governing fair employment and labor practices. We do not discriminate
against any applicant for employment or any employee in any aspect of their
employment at UPS because of age, race, religion, sex, disability, sexual
orientation, gender identity, military status, pregnancy, national origin,
veteran status, other legally protected characteristic or basis, or any
unlawful means.” Code of business conduct, (page: 19).

 Another example in which UPS puts people
first, is by giving them the opportunity and encouraging them to finish their
studies or even to begin their education. Workers and people of the community
are provided with options like scholarship funds and employment benefits where
UPS will pay for college classes.

To help people, UPS tries to
introduce to their employees the value of contributing hours directly instead
of just giving money to charities by requesting that they perform at least
eighty hours of volunteer work per year. These hours in the past years have
included working with relief agencies and providing locations in need with
Logistics Emergency Teams, or just by doing work with people through the ‘United Way.’

 UPS is admired for having a sustainable
production, for their Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy (carbon avoidance &
neutral shipping) and other great achievements, according to its code of
business conduct;” We are committed to conducting our business in a manner that
protects the environment. Our commitment to the environment goes beyond
complying with environmental laws and includes a commitment to advancing
programs that promote a reduction of our carbon footprint while improving the
environment. Everyone who is part of the UPS organization is expected to
support our effort to maintain a leadership role in protecting the
environment.” (Page: 37). To achieve this, UPS has the best technology, an
optimized transportation network, a fuel-efficient transport mode and they use
renewable energies. UPS has a green fleet composed of more than 2,500 vehicles,
using always a variety of alternative fuels and other advanced technologies.

Besides focusing on fuels the company
also focuses on water scarcity affecting a significant number of locations in which
they have facilities and operate. This is why they participate in the Global
Water Tool, which enables them to design and implement strategies in
water-sensitive places. The Global Water Stewardship program is an example that
allows them to be transparent, improve conservation, and reduce their water
consumptions, engagement and awareness around the world. Additionally, the
company supports forestry preservation and reforestation efforts by minimizing
the negative impacts on biodiversity, and by preventing the transportation of
invasive species.

Mike Eskew, former Chairman and CEO
of UPS states in a press release on the company’s website: “We care as much
about how we get results as we do about getting the results. Getting results at
the cost of violations of laws or through unscrupulous dealings do more than
violate our standards – they challenge our ability to grow our business and
undermine our reputation.”

For more than
a century, UPS founders worked hard to establish Values and principals, which
remain critical to their Company success, by making people motivated to work
toward mutual goals. The core of these values is a simple statement: UPS is a
company of honesty, quality, and integrity. This legacy is very important to
their ability to create shareowner value, support the communities in which they
work, and protect their reputation.

3. Financial Ratios:

Financial ratio analysis
is one of the ways managers evaluate a company’s current strengths and
weaknesses by computing ratios that compare values of key accounts listed on
their company’s financial statements. The most important ratios fall in four
basic categories; liquidity, asset management, leverage, and profitability.