The The presidential candidate that receives the more popular

The Electoral College is made of the
538 electors that are elected to indirectly select the President of the United
States and the Vice President. This number of Electoral votes equals the number
of the state’s congressional representatives plus 2 senators. (VoteSmart.org,
n.d.)  When the American citizens cast
their votes for President on the first Tuesday in November those votes are
actually counted toward that states group of electors.  We then rely on that set of electors to
pledge their vote for a specific candidate. 
In order for the Presidential candidate to win the Presidency they will
need a total of 270 votes or more out of the 538 from the Electoral College.  The presidential candidate that receives the
more popular vote in each state should in theory win the Electoral College in
that state but in years past we have seen this to not be the case.  Since there are no federal laws that require
the electors to cast their votes based on the popular votes of that state they
are representing there is the possibility for the state to cast their electoral
votes for the candidate that did not win the popular vote.  We saw this in the 2000 election between Al
Gore and George W. Bush and in other past elections like in 1824, 1876, 1988
and 2016. (Williams, 2017)  In the most
recent election we saw where the candidate that was selected by the Electoral
College did not win the popular vote nationwide which is why I think now again
the Electoral College is under scrutiny.

            Some
of the pros I see with the Elector College is that it gives the smaller states
a real say in who is elected to be President. States like Rhode Island would
have much less of an impact that states like Texas or California if we did not
have this process in place. Another pro would be from the candidate stand
point, not so much in the favor of the citizens,  is that this helps their campaigning
efforts.  A republican candidate say
would not have to spend as much money or time in a state like Texas who leans
more republican as they would in say a state like Florida who is known for
being more of a swing state.   A huge con
I see with the Electoral College is that since our President is not elected
based on the strict popular vote of the American people it can make us feel as
though our votes do not count.  This also
leads many people to feel as though even if they did vote it wouldn’t make a
difference and they then get discouraged. 
Especially with the non-existent rule in most states that the elector is
not required to vote for the popular candidate this can make us think ‘why are
we even voting, it won’t matter’ and those people essentially give up and don’t
go to the polls at all.  I have heard
this quite a bit with younger generations and even more so when their candidate
doesn’t win even if they received the popular vote.  Another con I see is that because of the way
the Electoral College is structured it focuses more some on swing states.  In swing states you will see more campaigning
and a huge uptick in media and appearances because when it comes down to crunch
time and the numbers getting close those swing states could ultimately
determine who our President will be. This puts the smaller stated like Wyoming
and Montana at a disadvantage in not getting the same coverage and media
support. 

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            “There
have been more than 700 proposals to reform or abolish the Electoral College by
constitutional amendment, according to the National Archives, but none gathered
the requisite two-thirds support in both chambers of Congress to be sent to the
states for ratification.” (Alberta, 2017) 
Out of all of the reform proposals I have read about and have been tried
in the past yet failed the only one I can see potentially working for our country
is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact.  This compact basically states that instead
of  “completely abolishing the Electoral
College the states legislatures would change their laws to aware their
electoral votes to whoever wins the most votes nationwide regardless of the
state-by-state results” (Alberta, 2017)  
The compact however can only be enacted once enough states have joined
in order to make up the 270 electoral votes. 
Currently there are only 10 states with Washington D.C. that have agreed
to this compact and they are all democratic states.  The compact would only need another 105
electoral votes in order to be enacted which does not sound like much of a feat
however there is very little republican support of it.  Looking back at the 2000 and 2016 elections,
had this compact been in place we would have had very different outcomes on who
was actually elected President. 
Republicans see this compact as a threat with the possibility of a full
democratic take over on all future elections. 
The Electoral College has of course always been supported by the
republicans while the democrats tend to favor the popular vote.  While this reform plan seems to be the only
option unless the constitution is amended I still do not feel it would be the
best option for our country.  If we want
a true democratic nation then we also need to take into consideration the third
party candidates and independents.  Our
current Electoral College really focuses on the two main political parties and
makes it pretty much impossible for any third parties to even be truly
considered for a Presidential seat. This National Popular Vote compact would
only cause the same issue and basically push out any third party
candidates.  If what America is really
searching for in regards to the President being elected directly by the people
with no chance of error or a “rigged” election a one-person one-vote system
would be the only way to make that happen but amending the constitution would
need to happen and based off previous history this will never be an option.