The Supreme Court Ruling
There existed arguments that slavery was undesirable for the United States, other voices supported the practice. Slavery played a huge role in the culture of the societies, both in the North and South. This is why the Supreme Court decision on Dred Scott case was viewed as a landmark decision. By holding that a negro whose ancestors had been imported into the US as slaves were not American citizens, and that they had no standing in suing in a federal court, the court brought a whole new twist to the slavery issue. A case that touched on the US labor and constitutional law was hoped to bring to an end and settle the slavery question. However, the verdict fueled strong dissent from the North while it got support from the South. The ruling created a sharp division throughout the 1800s and indirectly became a catalyst for the American Civil War.
The Argument of the Chivalry
Political divisions was a key driver for the American Civil War. This is shown in the cartoon impression. The cartoon represents different symbols which also show the different political positions taken by the North and the South political class. The symbols represented here are a pen and a cane. A pen representing the Northern symbol and the cane representing the South. These symbols indicate that the Northern point of view was soft and non-coercive while that of the south was violent and forceful. The most significant words in the cartoon are the pen and the bludgeon.
While the tensions increased across the nation, economic differences continued to emerge between the North and the South. The high density of railroads on the North is a clear indication of industrialization. The South and the West continued to be less developed. This is indicated by the small and less noticeable railroads. Unequal developments across the North, South and the West also meant emergence of different economic and social classes among the citizens. This fueled suspicion and mistrust among the citizens prior to Civil War.