The most notorious former Serb military commanders who had

The 2017 sentencing of
Ratko Mladic one of the most notorious former Serb military commanders who had
been named “Butcher of Bosnia” compounds a critical question on modern warfare
across the world. The events of the Srebrenica War in the early 1990s
highlighted the barbarism and negativity that is present in modern warfare. The
Rwandese civil war as well as other massacres that have been witnessed since
the end of the Second World War compound the savagely that is still present in
war. It is important to note that only enemies go to war and humanity is not
one of the attributes that looked to be advanced in a war. The recent American
invasions in the Middle-East may be deemed as a change from barbarism that was
present in the past, but the number of innocent deaths is still very high. It
is impossible for countries or people to go to war without a certain degree of
barbarism taking control in the process. The Bosnian war indicates this aspect
with most of the people who later turned killers would never have taken another
person’s life before. The war changes people and they become savages as they look
to protect their interest or are pushed by fear to committing some of the most
acrimonious crimes. However, it is important to note that with the advancement
in technologies, stronger UN Security Council and other bodies, it is more
difficult to engage in barbaric warfare across the world. Modern warfare is
barbaric and cannot take any other form since the different groups aim to
impart the worst form of devastation on each other to completely overrun their
opponents.

The Srebrenica Massacre
is deemed to be one of the worst since the Holocaust in Europe as it saw the
death of more than 8000 Muslim Bosniaks who were mainly men and boys1.
In a war that was mainly motivated by superiority and advanced through ethnic
cleansing, it saw the death of thousands as the Serbian Army under the command
of Ratko Mladic perpetrated the killings2.
They killed indiscriminately and did not regard the people as part of Bosnians
but were regarded as an inferior ethnic community that had to be annihilated.
In the mass murders, it was clear that the world had not taken steps aimed at
stopping any Holocaust in future. In a world where people had developed better
means and created functional processes towards change, it was clear that the
world was not prepared to engage others fighting in their own countries.
Peacekeeping missions and methods were not used and the world watched as the
Serb military killed the Bosniaks indiscriminately3.
Although the main perpetrators of the war were later established and arrested,
the loss of lives and killings showed the barbaric nature of the warfare in the
country at the time. There was no sense of reason as the people were
decapitated due to their ethnic and religious stance. The UN was mainly deemed
to have played an indirect part as the then Secretary General Koffi Annan
noted. He highlighted the fact that although the perpetrators were to blame for
the genocide, the UN was as much culpable and it indicated a major inadequacy
in the UN which it would never repair. The UN was culpable for lack of
intervening in the war and stopping the impending genocide4.
The role of the UN was it was constituted after the Second World War was to
stop any similar actions that would mirror the Holocaust. However, the Bosnian
genocide was a close reflection of these attributes and indicated a major
problem under the structures that had been put in place in the system.

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In Drakulic’s novel They
Would Never Hurt a Fly, she asserted that the war criminals were ordinary
people who were driven by fear, conviction and opportunism5.
In an analysis of the Yugoslavian War in Bosnia, she observes that the war
criminals were innocent people who had turned monsters due to the prevailing
circumstances. In a world where no one could help one another and the society
was porous as the military was killing the people through barbaric means, it
gave the people the impetus to fight. The people were driven by fear as they
took arms and started fighting with some of the methods that they used to
protect against the enemies being barbaric6.
In times of war, the people who witness the horrific events are changed by the
war forever. It changes the character and hardens one’s soul to become a person
who can do anything to protect themselves. Although the different parts of the
war are not highly characterized, it is the individual problems that are
compounded during the war that should be assessed. In a war the people are
compelled to take any methods to protect themselves through creating better
models and articulating the main changes that are developed. The individual
models have to be compounded and created towards overseeing change thereby
creating a critical model towards actualizing the main basis as identified in
the systems accordingly. A war creates monsters and changes the dynamics of any
society and although there are modern warfare methods that can be instituted,
the dynamics of a war changes these tenets completely. It is the individual
attributes that create a different structural element mapped across individual
societal structures critical for change in the systems accordingly. Barbarism
is an aspect that is advanced by the motivations that have led to the war and
in ethnic clashes these are attributes that are highly advanced under such
systems.

The Rwandan Genocide that
spanned from April to July 1994 was one of the most vicious and brutal event in
the African continent. In a genocide that saw the killing and decapitation of
more than 800000 people it is slated as one of the worst genocide since the
Holocaust across the world. The Hutu ethnic majority in Rwanda murdered the
Tutsi minority in an attempt of ethnic cleansing which led to one of the worst
attacks in the world. The Hutu majority government had engaged in mass
slaughter of the Tutsi that led to a major genocide in the country7.
The people were killed in the most brutal methods and the recount from some of
the witnesses indicates the horrific events that were present at the time. The
people did not have any form of control for their methods and it was a major
problem that was inculcated through specific measures and models that were
indicated. The Rwandese Genocide was marred with human atrocities that were
incomprehensible and indicated the effects of warfare in a society8.
The Rwandese Genocide is indicated to have been modern day warfare and
compounded the different events that were present in the world. The Western
countries withdrew their citizens and the UN watched as people murdered, raped
and maimed others and threw them to the rivers as they did not consider these
Tutsis to be humans. It was a major problem that indicated the porous nature of
the different bodies and countries that are expected to interject with the
African nations also not helping in ending the problem in the country. The
world was at fault as it did not help Rwanda in ending the war and intervene in
stopping a genocide that was clearly propagated by the government. The events
of the genocide were awful and it was essential to create a better scope that
would be essential in ending the war9.
The intervention came too late when large numbers of people had denied and the
loss had rendered many orphans and others homeless. Warfare remains the same as
in the past where people go to war to ensure that they have incapacitated their
enemies completely. A war s ravaged against enemies and protocols or controls
are not observed since there are other better means towards ending the menace
that do not end with death. It is especially catastrophic when it is being
propagated by the country’s military or government against a minority group.
The resources and level of control that is evident amongst these groups are
evident and a civil war only leads to bloodshed and major problems in the
systems indicated accordingly. It is a major problem that can only be indicated
through the individual processes that are mapped thereby creating a different
structural process compounded under the set structures identified. The proper
models of government have to be developed through creating a strong and potent
model of change that is mapped and indicated under specific tools and processes
needed under the set systems and processes indicated accordingly. Modern
warfare can only be controlled with the creation of better structures and
following the set rules and controls that have been indicated10.
It is only mapped through redefining the critical structures and outlining
better principles and essential measures towards controlling the prevalent
problems identified under the specific social structures. The Rwandan genocide
indicated a major problem in the set controls within the country. It was a
reflection of the major gaps that need to be aligned before creating the best
means towards changing the warfare methods under set systems. It was imperative
for the Western and other African countries to control the uproar and create
better methods towards actualizing the main models identified. Warfare will
always be barbaric as it is between enemies who look to impart the highest form
of damage on each other.

Prisoners of war are a
major area that is used when assessing the barbaric conditions that people face
within the society. Prisoners of war are taken through acrimonious and poor
treatment as they are viewed as traitors to the cause that was being advanced
by the other group. It is a critical facet that is identified towards
actualizing the main attributes that are advanced. The European prisoners of
war were treated in accordance with the set models that were identified in the systems
of warfare that should be developed. The European prisoners faced problems from
the treatment that they faced under the German rule with the current models
that were critically underlined. Modern warfare has been defined by the
critical models as underlined by pertinent tools indicated. The proper controls
that have been defined indicate a critical pattern that is essentially
controlled. The prisoners of war in Japan are viewed as traitors for their lack
of courage and models that have been indicated11.
The critical patterns identified in the proper systems actualized align to
proper controls and models that are defined in warfare. There are proper
controls indicated which define and indicate the scope that have been defined
and indicated in the main tools actualized. The prisoners of war are however,
treated more humanely than the soldiers or people engaging in the war since the
war is already won.

The outcry is mainly on
the deaths, horror and tragic events that befall innocent people in the
society. In a war where the two armies would meet in a field and fight against
each other, their families were protected although they would end up being
slaves to the winning side12.
This has been a critical aspect that has been developed in the society with the
individual entities continually creating similar premises and models needed in
the current society. Warfare is characterized by winning or losing with the
losers facing the full wrath of the other group. It is a critical aspect that
is measured and mapped through the different methods that are developed in the
social construct developed13.
The current models used in warfare with development in technology aim to
control the level of innocent lives affected by the war. The barbaric methods
are also being reduced with warfare taking a different model or approach on the
battle fields. There are rules that the countries or individuals cannot break
since it would indicate a major problem in the means of war taken. The war on
Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and other Arabian countries by the Americans were
defined under the critical models mapped.

The media has also been
faulted for its contribution or lack thereof during the war. The role of the
media in ending the war is massive since they have the power to sensitize and
call to action different groups across the world. The media is culpable of
lacking a professional view that does not end up increasing the tensions and
acting as a catalyst in wars. The media needs to contribute towards giving a
professional opinion that is not biased against any of the groups thereby creating
an informed an analysis of the dynamics present in the war. It is imperative
for the media to create a proper model of control that matches with the
changing dynamics and give an informed model towards rallying other groups or
countries towards helping in mitigating the risks and effects of the war14.
The media needs to give a well-structured report that is modeled from an
understanding of the different factors contributing to the war within the
countries or regions indicated.

It is a pertinent model
that is inculcated and modeled through understanding the main facets as
indicated and mapped by the groups fighting. There are media reports that
completely refrain from reporting news from a specific region or critical
measures that need to be addressed15.
The Rwandese genocide was perpetrated and orchestrated while the international
media did not give any informed analysis or view of the war. It was
persistently refraining from giving an informed view that could have helped in
calling into action international bodies and other regional powers such as the
developed countries16.
The role of the media is to inform the people and act as a watchdog in
assessing the methods that are adopted by the government. The lack of focusing
on war means that the groups fighting are free to orchestrate their killings
with no form of restrain since the methods used are in isolation and do not
affect their public view. The Holocaust was mainly barbaric due to the lack of
any form of media coverage of the war in the region. The Holocaust indicated
that there were major problems that could have been addressed had methods that
are currently available in the media been present17.
The social media and other models that are mapped across the society would have
created a proper model of control that indicates the main measures that are
developed thereby compounding the main measures indicated. It is imperative to
create a proactive model that aims at assessing the main problems that are
present and highlighting any forms of tension that may persist towards becoming
a fully-fledged war.

The current impasse
between the US and North Korea or Palestine and Israel on Jerusalem, are issues
that would lead to war. The media has been equivocal in covering these aspects
in the society indicating the different changes as they happen. This ensures
that everything is compounded and brought into perspective as the social
elements are matched and mapped within the critical systems indicated18.
It indicates a critical element that needs to be matched thereby indicating the
main tools that can be used to ensure that the current models that have been
indicated in the systems underlined. The modern warfare has been changed by the
media but in areas where the international media is involved19.
The media needs to adopt better methods of reporting and refrain from any form
of bias as the reports should be informing and have proper content on the
issues being discussed. It is these underlying issues that should be addressed
thereby creating proper tools and models aimed at essentially creating better
processes under the set systems.

In conclusion, the modern
warfare is still barbaric and although there are changes the process is slow
with the different bodies failing to develop proper controls against war. The
role of the media, UN, Western countries and other bodies cannot be overstated.
It is essential to ensure that proper methods have been used in mitigating the
risks for war and controlling the events in case people go into war. This
essentially leads to better models and creates an actionable process towards
reducing the barbaric events of warfare. Barbarism will however, always be
present since a war is waged against an enemy leading to despicable acts by the
soldiers in the field.

1 Arnett, Peter. Live from the
Battlefield. Simon and Schuster, 1994.

2 Ferguson, Niall. The war of the world:
history’s age of hatred. Penguin UK, 2012.

3 Allen, Beverly. Rape warfare: The
hidden genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia. U of Minnesota Press,
1996.

4 Chang, Iris. The rape of Nanking: The
forgotten holocaust of World War II. Basic Books, 2012.

5 Drakuli?, Slavenka. They would never
hurt a fly: War criminals on trial in the Hague. Penguin, 2005.

6 Drakuli?, Slavenka. They would never
hurt a fly: War criminals on trial in the Hague. Penguin, 2005.

7 Bourke, Joanna, and Michaela Christ. An
intimate history of killing. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

8 Norris, Pippa. “The restless searchlight:
Network news framing of the post?Cold War
world.” Political Communication12, no. 4 (1995): 357-370.

9 Browning, Christopher R. “Ordinary Men:
Police Reserve Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland.” (1992).

10 Arnett, Peter. Live from the
Battlefield. Simon and Schuster, 1994.

11 Moseley, A. “Michael Ignatieff The
Warrior’s Honor: Ethnic War and the Modern Conscience.” PEACE AND
CHANGE 25, no. 4 (2000): 538-540.

12 Martel, Gordon. “Vasilis Vourkoutiotis.
Prisoners of War and the German High Command: The British and American
Experience. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2003. Pp. xi, 266. $69.95.”
(2004): 1541-1542.

13 Hedges, Chris. War is a force that
gives us meaning. Anchor, 2002.

14 Tanaka, Yuki. Hidden horrors: Japanese
war crimes in World War II. Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

15 Zayani, Mohamed, and Muhammad I. Ayish.
“Arab satellite television and crisis reporting: Covering the fall of
Baghdad.” International Communication Gazette 68, no. 5-6
(2006): 473-497.

16 Weiner, Amir. Making sense of war: the
Second World War and the fate of the Bolshevik Revolution. Princeton University
Press, 2002.

17 Kassimeris, George, ed. Warrior’s
dishonour: barbarity, morality and torture in modern warfare. Routledge,
2016.

18 Begg, Moazzam. Enemy combatant: a
British Muslim’s journey to Guantanamo and back. Pocket Books, 2007.

19 Glover, Jonathan. Humanity. Yale
University Press, 2012.