The males with the same credentials it means that

The most compelling evidence that demonstrates that women are not treated
fairly in political sphere is the notion of tokenism. To clarify, it means that
even women that are involved in politics are mostly presented as tokens, which
give an image of democratic government that treats women equally as men,
demonstrating gender equality in cabinets. To support this claim, Maria
Escobar-Lemmon and Michelle Taylor-Robinson of Texas A&M University
conducted special research. They have compared the experience and accomplishments
of the men and women among 447 cabinet ministers in recent administrations in
five countries: Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and the United States. The results showed that if women in cabinets
were given unimportant portfolios, overlooked by higher authorities, they are
less likely to release effective lawmaking, and more likely to work off from
their positions (The Economist Newspaper Ltd, 2014). In general, it
becomes clear that if women
were succeeded less likely than males with the same credentials it means that
women were not taken seriously in their positions, and were treated as tokens. Furthermore,
there is another big social factor that makes the women stay away from
political sphere which is called having “arxa” or “dayaq” in Azerbaijan. As
given example in the Farideh Heyat’s article (Globalizations and changing
gender norms in Azerbaijan), “Indeed, since family and personal networks were
the major arenas for unof?cial dealings, both in economy and politics, indirect
channels of lobbying through wives (or husbands) and other close kin were
effective means of in?uence.” (p.398). 
This factor leads the women to think that if they do not have the
effective relationship or “arxa”, “dayag”, she will not be allowed or elected
to get the high positions in the political and economic authorities.

Although in all
cultures such prejudice and stereotypes that there is no place for women in political
sphere die hard and fast, but the type of political system which is used in
Azerbaijan has several disadvantages such as electoral system, lack of
consideration of sex ratio and quotas for . Therefore, these advantages still
remain as a big obstacle for empowerment of women. Lack of the NGOs support is
accepted one of the main reasons in the creation of this type of patriatchal
system in the politics, because they have not participated actively in the
decision-making process for several reasons. As the Yuliya Garayeva mentioned
in her article, first, the independence of NGOs, including women’s
organizations, continues to be a problem since many of them have direct links
to the state or were established by people working for state institutions as some
of the NGOs have joint projects with the state or are recipients of the state
grants. Second, some of the women’s groups have a limited understanding of the
gender equality principles or declare an adherence to the traditional family
values as part of their agenda. Although there is an ineffective participation
of NGOs in finding solutions for increasing participation of women in political
system, the Azerbaijani government intended to solve this problem by implementing
some quotas. For example, New Azerbaijan Party discussed the possibility of a
40 percent quota for female candidates in the 2015 parliamentary elections
which would certainly change the face of politics in Azerbaijan (Karolina Ó
Beacháin Stefa?czak, 2015). Additionally, three
main factors can be contributed to the overall increase in women’s
representation in the higher echelons of the legislative branch in the
countries of democracies. First, the presence of a conscious political will,
which is expressed in the fact that as a priority policy of the parties is to
put forward the goal of increasing women candidates in parliaments, elected by
the proportional system. Second, the existence of laws that require that the
sex ratio in the lists of candidates from political parties should be in line
with the country’s sex ratio. Third, changes in the electoral system with
single-mandate or majoritarian to proportional representation (N.A. Shvedova, 2005)

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