The he has a tendence to act wrong, so

The
conflict
between
good
and
evil
has
always
been
in
the
mind
of
every
human
being
from
the
beginning
of
time.
But
not
everyone
perceives
these
terms
in
the
same
way.

            In this
connection,
the
authors
of
the
works
which
are
being
discussed
have
different
perceptions
of
what
is
good
and
what
is
evil.
To
begin
with,
Jonathan
Edwards,
as
a
conservative
Puritan,
believes
that
everyone
is
a
sinner
by
nature,
and
that
no
one
can
be
saved
from
sin
but
by
God’s grace.
In
his
sermon
titled
“Sinners
in
The
Hands
Of
an
Angry
God”
he
states
“There
is
nothing
that
keeps
wicked
men
at
any
one
moment
out
of
hell,
but
the
mere
pleasure
of
God”
(lines
33-34).
He
uses
terrifying
images
such
as
“lake
of
burning
brimstone”
(line
41)
to
refer
to
hell
and
to
frighten
the
audience.
Furthermore,
he
compares
wicked
people
with
disgusting
animals.
Therefore,
in
Edwards’
opinion
the
one
who
is
in
Christ
is
good,
and
the
one
“who
is
out
of
Christ”
(line
137)
is
evil.

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            With regard
to
Benjamin
Franklin,
he
moves
away
from
Puritan
tradition
to
become
deist.
He
embraces
a
more
rational
perception
of
good
and
evil.
Thus,
when
he
talks
about
evil
he
refers
to
mistakes
instead
of
sins.
In
contrast
with
Edwards,
he
believes
that
individuals
can
improve
themselves
through
effort
and
by
being
methodic.
He
asserts
in
The
Autobiography
“I
Knew,
or
thought
I
knew,
what
was
right
or
wrong”
(line
4),
so
he
creates
a
method
that
can
prevent
him,
and
everyone
that
wish
it,
from
failing.  It
consists
in
acquiring
the
habits
of
some
virtues
that
he
describes.
Although
he
knows
how
to
fight
against
what
he
considers
to
be
wrong,
he
recognises
that
he
has
a
tendence
to
act
wrong,
so
he
affirms
that
“Inclination
was
sometimes
too
strong
for
reason”
(lines
9-10).

            As for Phillis
Wheatley,
she
is
an
African
black
woman
purchased
as
slave
by
the
Wheatley
family.
She
has
acces
to
a
high
education
and
she
becomes
Christian.
In
her
poem
“On
Being
Brought
from
Africa
to
America”
she
expresses
gratitude
for
having
the
opportunity
to
know
God.
Therefore,
she
has
a
Christian
concepcion
of
good
and
evil,
although
she
is
less
conservative
than
Edwards.
In
reference
to
the
fact
that
some
white
Christians
link
black
people
to
evil,
she
claims
that
both
negroes
and
whites
are
descendants
of
Adam
and
Eve
(so
they
all
are
sinners)
and
that
they
both
also
have
the
chance
to
be
saved
by
God.
In
her
poem
“To
the
University
of
Cambridge,
in
New
England”
she
condemns
the
hypocrisy
of
those
who
call
themselves
Christians
and
then
don’t practice
what
they
preach.

            As a conclusion, it can be said that for Edwards the evil is linked to mankind and that only God’s grace can save people; that Franklin trusts in reason and in effort in order to act properly; and that Wheatley links Christian hypocrisy, racism and enslavement to evil.