The 19th century prevailed much development than any century passed. It was an era with great evolution in scientific discovery, invention, technology, with one of the first electronics to appear and the rapid creation of developing sports. Besides the great achievements conducted in the 19th century that paved the road to modern society, one of the most impacting disputes also occurred in the 19th century. The sinking of the U.S.S Maine was a trigger to the Spanish American War, emerging Cuba’s independence, and the U.S. as a world power, gaining control of the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico.
In regard to the U.S. siding with Cuba, “president William McKinley asked congress for authority to use force against both the Spanish and Cubans in order to end the strife on the island and to establish a stable Cuban government that would maintain order and observe international obligations” (Offner 1). Cuba was destined to be the battle ground between U.S. troops and the veterans of Spain. To win in Cuba, the U.S. had to defeat the Spanish navy. However, war actually began in Cuba for the U.S. when the marines captured Guantanamo Bay and 17000 troops landed at Siboney and Daiquiri. “The struggle in cuba had been going on for years, and in that colony of less than two million of inhabitants, there was now an army four times as large as the standing army of the U.S.” (O’conner 17). The destructive Spanish-Cuban war affected the U.S. economy. In 1895, the U.S. suffered a severe decline that cut industrial production and employment, depressing agriculture prices, which resulted in domestic unrest seen in strikes.
“America went to war against Spain to free Cuba from Spanish domination” (Spanish American War 1). Spain fought back by sending 200,000 troops to Cuba and enlisting and arming thousands of local volunteers. Nonetheless, America was against the ongoing struggles Cubans and Filipinos faced towards Spanish rule. Including the fight for their independence, on February 15, 1898, the drown of the battleship U.S.S Maine in Havana Harbor triggered a war between the U.S. and Spain.