The et al., (2017), it examines the patient’ knowledge,

The use of information and communication technology (ICT) in
the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of different medical
condition, including DM, is important for primary health-care (PHC) providers. This
is because it can further development of e-Health. Web-based is the one of
effective DM management but they still need to take over time to adapt it.
Similarly, Iljaz, Brodnik, Zrimec and Cukjati, (2017) conducted a
study which is to confirm the hypothesis about the improvement in treatment
outcomes compared to usual healthcare and the presumption of e-Diabetes
application impact on the functional health status of patients with DM type 2. Participants
involve 120 Diabetes Mellitus patients from 22 solicited family practices from
6 different regions in Slovenia. Family practices had at least 1000 patients, a
nurse with secondary-school training and a qualified nurse with higher
education. Between the ages of 18 and 75. This is an interventional, randomised
controlled study of patients with DM, treated only with a diet regime and/or
tablets. Slovene diabetes treated with insulin are usually treated by diabetes
care units, and were therefore not included in this study. The computerised
randomisation programme assigned patients to the interventional or the control
group through a balanced randomisation process using the last four patients.
Randomisation was carried out for all practices simultaneously, but not at the
level of individual practices. This e-Diabetes application was
confirmed to be an innovative approach for better self-management of DM type 2
patients not using insulin. Both a significant reduction of HbA1c values in the
interventional group were found which is from 7.1% to 6.8%.


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Patients with diabetes
mellitus must develop appropriate habits to maintain long-term control and
reduce the potential complications of this disease. One of the promote
self-management support is the implementation care which is one of the
effective management established by Chronic Care Model and it helps patients
perform day-to-day tasks of managing their disease. In a study conducted by Saucier et
al., (2017), it examines the patient’ knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about a
diabetic care management plan (DCMP) that was developed to provide patient
education on diabetes guidelines and display individual diabetes core measures.
102 of above 18 years old patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 were recruited
through advertising flyers for voluntary participation. 102 of participants
were at least 18 years old with diagnosis of T2DM seen at the Family Medicine
Centre at least once before and once after DCMP implementation. Each had to
attest to receiving the care management plan at least once. Once screened,
eligible patients were consented. In the results, participants understood the
DCMP (96%), found it important because it explained their laboratory results
and medications (89%) and believed it would help them to have better diabetic
control (99%). There was a significantly interaction between time and being at
goal pre-DCMP for HbA1c, SBP and LDL. Patients not at goal pre-DCMP for the
above measures decreased significantly over time (P=