Tevonte HoustonGeneral SociologyProfessor Saucer11/21/17 In the country of Kenya, it is divided into seven different provinces. The president plays both roles of the chief of state and head of the government. The president is chosen from among all the members of the National Assembly, and is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The president is allowed to appoint both a vice-president his/her own cabinet. The National Assembly consists of 222 members, twelve appointed by the president and the rest elected by popular vote. The current leader of Kenya goes by the name of Uhuru Kenyatta. He is currently in office for his second term and he has been in office since 2013. This president is particularly a hardworking man and he has worked his way up through the political parties by being active and participating in groups for example he was a member of the parliament, leader of the opposition, minister of finance, Deputy prime minister of Kenya and he is now the current 4th president of Kenya. He was very well involved and active in the political world and his hard work has reflected in his current presidency. Kenyatta is a strong believer in helping the people and helping the people of Kenya. Some of his promises to the people was to create nearly 1 million jobs yearly mainly for the youth but jobs that everyone can do. The jobs are mainly for the youth due to the fact that the unemployment rate in Kenya is very high and the youth need jobs to start their lives and begin to do things for themselves. According to the United Nations in the Human Development Index (HDI) the 2017 report says explains that the rate of unemployment in Kenya is the highest in the East African region hitting a new high of 39.1 percent. This can be very disheartening to the people of Kenya but he has plans to make this rate go down get those without a job a job. Another one of his promises is to fix the education system and make the primary education free which would make the transition from primary to secondary education easier. The education system in Kenya needs to be fixed due to many factors that are occurring in Kenya. In Kenya there is still a small struggle in Kenya but the education system is getting better and Kenyatta has plans to fix this along his term in office. He is serving his second 5-year term so he has time to make all the corrections he can while he is there and his first plan is the education and creating jobs.In this country the education system is structured on an 8-4-4 model which means students must go through 8 years of primary/ basic education 4 years of secondary and a 4-year curriculum. Schooling usually begins at the age of 6 years old with primary schooling typically running through the age of 14. After completing primary schooling children then are sent to academic secondary school, technical or trade school. Secondary schooling is also trying to be made free for everyone. The students stay in the secondary school for four years and at the end of these four years the student is required to take an exam. This exam will determine the placement of the student when it comes to the next level of education such as colleges and universities or even higher technical schools and training. In 2003 the government of Kenya wanted to create a free primary and all programs that involved the betterment of children and they also wanted to do the same for the secondary education. An estimated 3 million more students would be enrolled in primary school in 2012 than in 2003 and as a result of this the number of school opened has grown by 7000. With all the new students enrolling in school they will need space to put all of these children so they must open more schools. The enrollment rate of secondary school has also increased from 43% to 67%. Even with all this success the total population census shows that there are still nearly one million children still out of school and not getting a proper education. There is still so many problems with the education system for example the illiteracy rate is still rising despite the children in school. The other problems are that over a quarter of the population of the children of Kenya have less than secondary education these children are sometimes forced to go to work or work within the household. The last problem with the education that Kenyatta is aiming to fix is that one out of ten children did not complete primary education and he has a goal to get children through all stages of schooling in Kenya. On the other hand, at college level in Kenya the number of students grew by 28% between 2013 and 2014 and more growth is expected to come in the upcoming years. While the student enrollment has grown the Kenyan government has cut the student funding for their schooling by 6% and this will cause a problem in the colleges all over Kenya due to the fact that it will cause a heavier tuition burden on all of students which students may not be able to pay. In the past couple of years there has been many act of defiance and it is due the government and the unequal treatment of the people due to their beliefs or their religion. Over the past couple of months there has been a huge acts of defiance due to the recent political election. On October 27th violence erupted in Kenya due to Supporters of Raila Odinga (another presidential election competitor) rioting. The riots that occurred on this day lead to 6 people being killed, 13 people injured and 86 people being arrested. This is all due to the belief that the election being rigged. There was a belief that Kenyatta had something to do with the rigged election and there was a statement put forward that he tampered with the servers and the database and the IEBC which is Kenya’s electoral body and put in false votes in that were not human generated votes but computer generated votes that affect not only the presidential election but also the he votes cast for MPs, Senators, Governors and Women Representatives. This caused a disturbance in Kenya and the people were very angry so the people took to the streets. When the people took to the streets to express their disapproval of the election the police has to control the people in these riots and had to open fire on some and killing some people which made the riots worse. A similar situation occurred back in 2007 when riots broke out but these riots were far more worse than the current one. After the election in 2007, ethnic violence broke out, leaving up to 1,500 people dead. these 2007 riots were a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after former President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007. Supporters of Kibaki’s opponent, Odinga again alleged electoral manipulation. Over the past couple of years this country has been divided due to political idea differentials. According to CNN “Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has been re-elected for a second term after securing more than 98% of the vote in a highly-contentious rerun election that was boycotted by his main opposition rival. The announcement caps months of drama and sporadic bouts of deadly violence following a landmark decision by the country’s Supreme Court to nullify the previous election in September, which Kenyatta also won, citing irregularities. On Monday, Kenya’s Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) announced 56-year-old Kenyatta had received 98.25% of votes cast in last week’s rerun. His main rival, 72-year-old veteran opposition leader Raila Odinga who refused to participate in the poll, garnered just 0.96% of the vote.” due to the differential in ideas in the correct political a rerun was held and Kenyatta won the election again and this ended all violence in Kenya. Although there are still some disagreements in his leadership the acts of violence and defiance has stopped.According to the Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics Kenya has a total population that hold about 38,610,097 inhabitants. The population grows about 2.56% a year and Kenya is home to more than 47 communities that hold many different people with many different cultures and traditions. Within these communities there are many different ethnic groups such as the Kikuyu, Luhya, Kalenjin tribes, Luo, Kamba, Somali and Kisii just to name a few. In most communities the people speak Swahili or in some places English and through this language they interact within their community. They do not interact outside of their community most times but all inside of these communities everyone works together as one. In this country religion is a big factor to their culture and a census showed that approximately 38 percent of the people in Kenya are Protestant, 28% Roman Catholic 26% percent are animist, 7 percent are Muslim, and 1 percent follow other religions. There are many other different aspects that go into the culture of Kenya for example some of them are people and interaction, agriculture, food and games and sports. In Kenya there is not one particular food that could represent Kenya but there in each community they may what their own native food that they eat. Staples and maize are very common around Kenya but it may vary in the region of Kenya. Millet and sorghum are also very common and are eaten is some regions but the food that is eaten all over Kenya are ugali, sukuma wiki and nyama choma. It is referred to as a Kenyan cuisine and it is known to be a delicious food. Throughout the years there has been many attempts to create a national dress but over the years they have been unsuccessful. Although there is no official dress that the Kenyan people wear there is still a generic type of clothing that the Kenyan people wear. For example, in some parts of Kenya the women typically wear vast plate-like bead necklaces, and a colorful wraps called kanga. The men are famous for wearing a red-checked shuka that is also known as a Maasai blanket and carry a distinctive ball-ended club. In many parts of Kenya red clothing stands for power. Many Kenyan people also wear basic sandals, in some cases the shoe has a sole that is made with a pieces of motorcycle tires. Also in many parts of Kenya when males become ‘morans’ (warriors), around age 14, they traditionally dye their hair red with ochre and fat. In Kenya the women do not have much power and do not have the same opportunities as men do. For example, Women in Kenya are underrepresented and underappreciated in most aspects of daily living in Kenya. In Kenya women have less access to education, land, and employment which makes it harder for women to succeed in their community. For the women living in rural areas they often times spend long hours collecting water and firewood. This may cause an interference with school attendance and leaving them with little time to earn money or engage in other productive activities.In Kenya there are many forms of inequality in Kenya. There is inequality in poverty, gender, health care, education, living and income inequality. Poverty levels in this country have different regions that vary greatly. There is a great number of people living below the poverty line in Nairobi and the current percentage of people in poverty is estimated at approximately 44 percent. However, only eight percent of the population living in Nairobi west and Kibera division, live under the poverty line while 77 percent of the population in Makongeni and Makadara Division live under the line. Poverty is spread all throughout Kenya and it is hard for many people to live and to provide for their children day to day and keep food on their tables. While in other parts of Kenya there are very rich communities in 2015 there was a census held to see the riches community and the community that has the highest income. The census revealed that Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Malindi, Kilifi and Nakuru. In these areas the wealth is kept inside of the community and is not given to those in poverty or equally shared with those in poverty. This also ties into the inequality of living due to the fact that if you are not as wealthy you may not have a nice home you may not have the space needed to take care of your family. In health care there is also inequality due to the many different reasons. For example, it the level of health care a person may receive is mainly based a person’s location, poverty level, education level, gender and age. If anyone is on the low end of any of these factors, then they will not be given the best healthcare. As it is here in the United States the wealthiest are basically put upon a pedestal and are given the best treatment but if you do not have money or health insurance they will not do anything for you. Another form of inequality in Kenya is gender in equality. According to Kennedy Otina, the regional programmer coordinator of Men for Gender Equality Now (MEGEN) made a statement that said “Men have a role to play when it comes to ensuring gender equality. It is not just a women’s affair. Gender equality does not mean women are ruling over men. It only ensures a level playing field for both men and women, removing all forms of discrimination that prevail against women,”. This group has been created for men and women to come together to recognize that there is a problem that needs to be dealt. Over many years’ gender has played a role in inequality so they are trying come up with solutions so solve this problem. An idea was put forward about a thought that gender inequality starts at young age for example, in a child’s early years’ boys are socialized into gender roles fashioned to keep them in power and control, and as a result they often grow up believing that they must display dominant behavior towards girls and all women due to a preconceived conception. This behavior can lead to unequal treatment of women and cause a social barrier that put women below everything and are only used for cooking in cleaning which is basically occurring right now in Kenya. Women are no long being able to go to school and get a proper education due to their duties at home.In Kenya there are many types of people and there are three main types of people. Many Kenyan people fall into one out of the three major linguistic groups. The major groups are the Bantu, the Nilotes and the Cushites. The first group known as the Bantus are an ethnic group that creates the largest population of division in Kenya. The bantus are originally from West-Central Africa, but the Bantus began a millennium-long series of migrations referred to as the Bantu expansion that first brought them to southeast Africa about 2,000 years ago. The next major group that makes up a major part of the population are the Nilotes. They speak Nilo-Saharan languages and came to Southeast Africa by way of South Sudan. Most Nilotes in Kenya are herdsmen, and they have a reputation of being great warriors and cattle-rustlers. The last major group are known as the Cushitic-speaking peoples form a small minority of Kenya’s population. The Cushitic- speaking people originally migrated from Ethiopia and Somalia in northeastern Africa. Most of these people have skills of being a herdsmen and. Cushites were originally mainly located in the northernmost North Eastern Province, which borders Somalia. The Cushitic-speaking peoples are divided into two groups and the two groups are the Southern Cushites and the Eastern Cushites. The Southern Cushites were the second-earliest inhabitants of Kenya, and the first of the Cushitic-speaking peoples to migrate from their homeland in the Horn of Africa about 2,000 years ago. The horn of Africa is known as an area of land in Northeast Africa. The horn of Africa contains a great amount of land and it includes the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. The Horn of Africa the contains the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. The Cushitic speaking people soon made it to Kenya and settled the and used the country’s resources to create a new home for themselves. There are other types of people that live in Kenya such as the Arabs, Indians and the Europeans. These groups make up a small percentage of people in Kenya but they are still apart of the race and ethnicity aspect and diversity of life in Kenya.In Kenya there are many things they do in their leisure time such as sports and other activities. Some of the traditional games and sports that are popular in Kenya include wrestling, racing exercises, stick fights, hunting which uses only spears and arrows, board games, bullfighting, and traditional dances. For many years Kenyans have used dance to express themselves and their culture and some of their traditional dances are the Adumu Dance, Mwomboko Dance, Isikuti Dance, Chakacha Dance and the Kilumi. In their leisure time they enjoy themselves and enjoy each other’s company. They also have like to enjoy themselves in the regular sports for example Football is the most popular sport in Kenya but their national football team has not made that much of an appearance on the international stage. Some of the other popular sports in Kenya include basketball, volleyball, rugby union, swimming, baseball and softball. Kenya is home to many strong athletes such as Dipak Patel, Lornah Kiplagat, Hilda Kibet and Janeth Jepkosgei. As it is here in the united states there are many forms to get daily news and media. In Kenya the main forms of media are the radio, television, newspaper, internet or a magazine. All of these sources are credible sources to get reliable news. In Kenya in the free time many people use social media websites. The most popular sites are snapchat, twitter, facebook, linkedin and instagram All over Kenya there has been changes in recent years that has caused social change. The change can be positive or negative and there are many solutions to fix the problems but the people must work together as one in order to have a utopian society that everyone can live in perfectly. The social change can cause an uproar which it has in the past couple months in this country or it can cause unification of the people. Some of the examples of social change all begins with the political leader. Having a political leader that everyone can agree with without any disagreements and or riots has potential to be a utopian/unified society. The political leader is the root of all social change due to the fact that they have all the power to listen to the people and change and help/assist the things that need to be fixed in their society. The leader has the ability to create a positive change in the country. Change the direction of all factors of life for example the political leader has the ability to change the health and education system by implementing a health care system and a creating free education for all students. The leader has the ability to change the way people interact on a day to day basis and potentially stop crime by adding rules in regulations and this will put a stop to almost all deviance. The country will be a better place once the political leader gets involved and takes action. The leader has an effect that no other man has the power to do. The leader can create any social change and the people that he is leading will follow and it will be a better society. The society needs someone that is in charge and someone who will actually listen to the people’s wants and needs and over the past term and his current term the president has done a good job but not a great job due to the fact that he caused some of the riots but time will show that he is a good leader and most of his actions so far has shown that he is a good political leader/president.