Teddy Kollek was an Israeli politician who served as the mayor of Jerusalem from 1965 to 1993 and was also the founder of the Jerusalem Foundation. Kollek was re-elected five times, in 1969, 1973, 1978, 1983 and 1989. Kollek was born in Nagyvázsony, Hungary on May 27, 1911. His family moved to Vienna in 1918. At that same time, Theodor Herzl was in midst of gathering support for Zionism. One of the supporters he gained was none other than Teddy Kollek. In 1935, the Kollek family immigrated to British Controlled Palestine, three years before Hitler invaded Austria. This was around the time of the third Aliyah was happening.In 1937, he helped create Kibbutz Ein Gev. In the 1940s, Teddy Kollek was the Jewish Agency’s contact person with the British Mandate MI5, providing information against Jewish underground groups like the Irgun. He was accomplishing the Jewish Agency’s rule of assisting the British in fighting the underground groups. In 1942 Kolleck earned the title of the Jewish Agency’s deputy head of intelligence. On August 10, 1945, he revealed to MI5 the location of a secret Irgun training camp. Twenty-seven Irgun members were arrested because of Teddy Kollek.During World War II, Kollek represented Jewish interests in Europe on behalf of the Jewish Agency. In 1947–1948, he represented the Haganah in Washington, where he assisted in acquiring ammunition for Israel’s army. Kollek became a close ally of David Ben-Gurion while Kollek was serving in the latter’s governments from 1952 as the director general of the prime minister’s office.In 1965 Teddy Kollek took office in Jerusalem. As mayor, he made many decisions to contribute to the state of Israel.During the Six Day War of 1967, East Jerusalem, which had been under Jordanian control since 1948, was seized by Israel. As mayor of a now completed Jerusalem, Kollek’s approach toward the Arabs still living in Jerusalem was made with a moral conscience. Within hours of the transfer of authority, he arranged for the provision of milk for Arab children. Some Israelis considered him pro-Arab which was a challenge, but he prevailed. Kollek fought for religious tolerance and was constantly reaching out to the Arab community. This made him a stronger leader because he wasn’t so easily swayed by the majority. He allowed Muslims to have access to al-Aqsa Mosque and Temple Mount for worship. While he was insistent that Jerusalem would never be divided again and remain under Israeli control, he believed in coming to a final settlement with the Arabs. Kollek stated, “Jerusalem’s people of differing faiths, cultures, and aspirations must find peaceful ways to live together other than by drawing a line in the sand.”Kollek’s relationship with the Arab community was just one thing he did to contribute to the state of Israel. During his long term in office, Kollek dedicated his time to many cultural projects. His most notable being the development of the Israel Museum. From 1965–1996, he was president of the museum and officially made its founder later in 2000. Kollek also played a big part in the establishment of the Jerusalem Theater and served as the head of the Jerusalem Foundation. Throughout his many terms as mayor, Kollek raised millions of dollars for civic development and cultural programs. Kollek once said that Israel needed a strong army, but it also needed expressions of culture and civilization.Kollek created a powerful relationship with the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo, which was located in Romema from 1950–1991. Although the zoo was a popular attraction that brought many visitors, it was considered small and inferior to zoos in Tel Aviv and Haifa. Kollek publicized the idea of making the zoo larger along with making it a state-of-the-art institution. Around 1990, with the help and support of the Jerusalem Foundation, the Tisch family (wealthy investors) agreed to pay for the expensive renovation. The zoo reopened as The Tisch Family Zoological Garden in Jerusalem in 1993. After the reopening, Kollek helped the zoo raise money to build the elephant enclosure and to bring in female elephants from Thailand. The zoo’s famous male elephant Teddy and one of its female elephants Tamar were in honor of the mayor and his wife. Post-retirement, Kollek was still an active member of the community. He accomplished this by maintaining scheduled work all the way into his nineties. Even though he became increasingly frail he made time in his life to help the community. Kollek died on January 2, 2007. He is now buried on Mount Herzl, Jerusalem.Through his lifespan, Kollek received a multitude of awards. In 1985, Kollek was awarded the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. An award which is given to someone who shows peace, humanity, and understanding among all people. It is without a doubt that Kollek won this award because of his relations with the Arabs. Another award he won was in 1988. He was awarded the Israel Prize for his contributions to the state and his efforts towards civic and cultural projects. Furthermore, in 1988, he received the Four Freedoms Award under the category Freedom of Worship. It is most likely he received this award because of his commitment and dedication to the freedom of Religion.In 1997, Kollek was awarded the Prize of Tolerance of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts. The Prize of Tolerance is given to those who are committed to tolerance, humanity, transnational dialogue as well as anti-racism. Kollek showed humanity when he made the decision to help the Arab inhabitants in Eastern Jerusalem after the Six Day War. Lastly, in 2001, he was honored with the title of Honorary Citizen of Vienna. This reward is the highest decoration of the city of Vienna.Teddy Kollek was a man whose love for his people drove him to a lifetime of service and whose years as Jerusalem’s mayor only made his humility grow, never separating from the people. He was never deterred from his moral beliefs and always did what he thought was right. By maintaining the connection he had with his people, he was able to shape Jerusalem into the city we have today.