Ré – Student
Year of Study
Area(s) of Interest
TITLE OF PROJECT
Experimental Investigation of Floating slab with Incorporated
Pumice stone and Vermiculite
Project deals with the development of Floating type of concrete by using
lightweight aggregate (Pumice stone)and Aluminium powder as an air entraining
agent. There are many types of lightweight concrete which can be produced either
by using lightweight aggregate or by using an airentraining agent. In this
study we have to work on combination of above mentioned types. This concrete is
a non-structural concrete. In this study, comparison has be made between
plaincement concrete and lightweight concrete having different proportion of
Aggregate size and fix quantity of Aluminumcontent (i.e. 2%-8%) by the weight
of cement has been taken into account. It helps to increase volume of concrete
and hencereduce the weight.
Floating concrete, Pumice stone, Aluminium
powder,Density, Compressive strength.
The main objective of the floating
concrete is to increase the resisting capacity of the concrete while the
external loads acted on it and to set them in stable condition without
disrupting the environmental surroundings.
The floating concrete provides the solution for the land reclamation and
it also promotes the protection for the coastal area region from the high
wave’s intensity and therefore minimizing the damage in the coastal body caused
due to the intensity of waves.
To reduce the self-weight of the structure
Constructions on water bodies
Used as an acoustic medium
Low thermal conductivity
1.”Floating Concrete by using Light Weight Aggregates and
Air Entraining Agent”Mukesh D. Ghadge (2015)
worked on the development of Floating type of concrete by using lightweight
aggregate Pumice stone and Aluminium powder as an air entraining agent. There
are many types of lightweight concrete which can be produced either by using
lightweight aggregate or by using an air entraining agent. In this study we
have worked on combination of above mentioned types. This concrete is a
non-structural concrete. In this study, comparison has be made between plain
cement concrete and lightweight concrete having different proportion of
Aggregate size and fix quantity of Aluminium content (i.e. 2%) by the weight of
cement has been taken into account. It helps to increase volume of concrete and
hence reduce the weight.
2.”Experimental Study on Light Weight Aggregate Concrete
with Pumice Stone, Silica Fume and Fly Ash as A Partial Replacement of Coarse
Aggregate”Lakshmi Kumar Minapu (2014)
Minapu worked on the light weight concrete and light weight aggregate concrete
and its classification. It is also reported on properties of various light
weight aggregate concrete. It is also discussed on proportioning of light
weight aggregate concrete by weight method.
3.”Process for the manufacture of aerated concrete construction
materials and construction materials”GiorgioMassa,
et al. (2013)
worked on the Process for the manufacture of aerated concrete construction
materials comprising the following steps: a. mixing a composition comprising at
least water, a cementitious material, calcium oxide, a compound comprising
reactive silicon dioxide, a source of oxygen, and a compound selected from
sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium hydroxide, b. pouring the
mixture of step (a) into a mould and allowing the mixture to set, thus forming
a stiffened body, c. removing the stiffened body from the mould, d. optionally
cutting and shaping the stiffened body, and e. curing the stiffened body.
4.”Strength and capillary water absorbtion of lightweight
concrete under different curing conditions”Nusret Bozkurt (2010)
investigate the influence of addition of pozzolanic materials and curing
regions on the mechanical properties and the capillary water absorption
(Sorptivity) characteristics of light weight concrete. The results showed a
good correlation between the strength development of concrete and its 14
5. “Durability of Structural
Lightweight Concrete”Celik Ozyildirim (2009)
Ozyildirim worked on the durability of structural light weight concrete which
includes the physical and chemical aspects of durability, the effect of
cracking and resistance of light weight aggregates to freezing and thawing.
6.”Very Large Floating Structures: Applications, Analysis
and Design” E. Watanabe, et al. (2004)
this report, structural and civil engineers are introduced to the world of very
large floating structures (VLFS) that have been gradually appearing in the
waters off developed coastal cities (and countries with coastlines). Their
presence is largely due to a severe shortage of land and the sky-rocketing land
costs in recent times. After providing a description of a VLFS and highlighting
its advantages (under certain conditions) over the traditional land reclamation
in creating space from the sea, the authors bring to attention the early, the
present and future applications of VLFS. The input design data, hydro elastic
analysis and design considerations for very large floating structures are
discussed, albeit in the most basic forms.
Aluminium Powder (From Jayam Chemicals, Gandhipuram,
ü Plastic (Polypropylene)
Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag)
Expected Outcomes :
The project will have the following
impacts in the construction field and society:
ü Floating breakwaters are less expansive
structures than fixed structure in deeper water.
ü Floating breakwaters are not as
obtrusive as fixed backwaters can be more aesthetically pleasing.
ü Excellent behavior in cold weather.
ü High fire resistance and inherent
rigidity at low temperature.
1) Mukesh D. Ghadge, Vaibhav D. Kamble,
“Floating Concrete by using Light Weight
Aggregates and Air Entraining Agent”
(IJERT), ISSN: 2278-0181, Vol. 4 Issue 08, August-2015.
2) Maheshkumar H. Thakrele,”Experimental
Study on Foam Concrete” (IJCSEIERD),
ISSN (P): 2249-6866; ISSN (E): 2249-7978, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Feb 2014, 145-158, © TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.
3) Dhawal Desai, “Development of Light
Posted in Concrete Engineering, Project Reports Civil Engineering Portal,
4) N. Raj, M. Rajesh, R. Manoj Kannan, M.
Madhavan, “Floating Concrete by using Thermocole “Final Year Civil Engg., Nehru
Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Published On: Fri, Feb 7th, 2014.
5) Nusret Bozkurt & Salih Yazicioglu,
“strength and capillary water absorbtion of lightweight concrete under
different curing conditions” Indian Journal of Engineering
6) Pierrehenri Jezequel, Benoit Mathonier, “Foamed
concrete” WO 2011101386 A1, PCT/EP2011/052311, Publication date Aug 25,
7) Evgeniy Nikolaevich Yastremskiy, Aleksandr Vladimirovich Kuznetsov, “Dry mixture for manufacturing cellular fibro concrete and
method”, Application number
EP20110151173, Publication number EP2418187 A2, Publication date Feb 15, 2012.
8) Giorgio Massa,
Rodney Seccombe, Pierre Dournel,
“Process for the manufacture of aerated concrete
construction materials and construction materials” Publication number EP2563740 A1, Publication date Mar 6,
9) Zainab Z. Ismail *, Enas A. AL-Hashmi,
“Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement Article in
Waste Management” · November 2007.
10) Dale E. Berner (1), Haijian Shi (2), “Applications of High Performance Lightweight
Concrete In A Floating Barge Gate” Ben C Gerwick, Inc, Oakland,
California, United States, Published on 2014.
11) E. Watanabe, C.M. Wang, T. Utsunomiya
and T. Moan, “Very Large Floating Structures: Applications, Analysis and Design
“National University of Singapore CORE
Report No. 2004-02.
12) Praveen Mathew1, Shibi Varghese2,
Thomas Paul3, Eldho Varghese4, “Recycled
Plastics as Coarse Aggregate for Structural Concrete”ISSN: 2319-8753,
International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and
Technology,Vol. 2, Issue 3, March 2013.
13) Pramod S.
Patil1, J.R.Mali2, Ganesh V.Tapkire3, H. R. Kumavat4, “Innovative Techniques of Waste Plastic Used in Concrete Mixture”, IJRET, eISSN:
2319-1163 pISSN: 2321-7308, 2014.
Manjunath B T, “Partial
replacement of E-plastic Waste as Coarse-aggregate inConcrete”International Conference on Solid
Waste Management, 5IconSWM 2015.
Vanitha, V. Natrajan and M. Praba, “Utilisation
of Waste Plastics as a Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate in Concrete Blocks”
ISSN: 0974-5645, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 8(12), DOI:
10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i12/54462, June 2015.
16) Nabajyoti SaikiaI, II; Jorge de BritoI,
“Waste polyethylene terephthalate as an aggregate in concrete”ISSN: 1516-1439,
mat. Res. vol.16 no.2 São Carlos Mar. /Apr. 2013 Epub Feb 08, 2013.
17) Ismail ZZ,Al-Hashmi EA., “Use of Waste Plastic in Concrete
Mixture as Aggregate Replacement” Waste Manag. 2008 Nov; 28(11):2041-7. Epub 2007 Oct 10.
18) Serkan Suba?
,”The effects of using fly ash on high strength lightweight concrete produced
with expanded clay aggregate”ISSN 1992-2248 © 2009 Academic Journals, Scientific Research
and Essay Vol. 4 (4) pp. 275-288, April, 2009.
19) Josef Hadi Pramana, “Light Weight Concrete” 2010.
20) B. Veeresh1,
B. B. C. O. Prasad2, K. Sateesh Kumar, “Light Weight Aggregate Concrete by using Cinder”ISSN 2319-8885 ,IJSETR,
Ozyildirim, Ph.D., P.E., “Durability of Structural Lightweight Concrete”LWC Bridges Workshop.2009 IBC.
22) Lakshmi Kumar Minapu1, M K M V Ratnam2,
Dr. U Rangaraju3,” Experimental Study On
Light Weight Aggregate Concrete With Pumice Stone, Silica Fume And Fly
Ash As A Partial Replacement Of Coarse Aggregate ” ISSN: 2319-8753, IJSETR,Vol. 3,
Issue 12, December 2014.
Technology Theory and Practice by M S Shetty, PUBLISHERS: S.
CHAND & COMPANY LTD. (An ISO 9001: 2000 Company).
Estimated time frame:
review, Material study.
collection, Material test.
Testing of specimen.
discussion on results,
Rough budget estimation:
300kg (6 bags)
58 per kg including GST (60 kg required)
18 per sg.ft
M I &(16BCE205) belonging to CIVIL department is
responsible for the details furnished above. The content is unique and belongs
Name of the Student: Name
of the Mentor:
MOHAMED M I &(16BCE205) VISHNU
date Signature with date