Period 0 Alexander ZhangMs. Niksch/Language arts 1/18/2018Why we should abolish the electoral collegeThe electoral college needs to be abolished for a variety of reasons. Created in 1804, the 200 year old electoral college doesn’t serve its purpose anymore. Another problem is that a candidate can become president without winning a majority of votes. The electoral college is also unfair and gives a lot of power to a few states.The electoral college was created for two reasons. The first reason was to make sure the population doesn’t directly select the President. The second reason was to give more power to states with small populations (Schulman, “Why the electoral college”). The second reason still stands, but the electoral college is not a good solution, as will be explained in the 5th paragraph. The 1st reason doesn’t make sense now. Hamilton suggested the electoral college because he had little faith in the “common” people. In the Federalist Papers, Alexander Hamilton wrote: “It was also peculiarly desirable to afford as little opportunity as possible to tumult and disorder. This evil was not least to be dreaded in the election of a magistrate, who was … the President of the United States.” The founding fathers were scared that a tyrant could become president by controlling public opinion. At the time of the electoral college’s creation, many voters were uneducated and had little knowledge of politics compared to right now. Uneducated voters will no longer be as big of a problem, as more information can be found online nowadays. Therefore, the electoral college doesn’t serve its first purpose.Furthermore, the electoral college gives some states more power than other states. For example, swing states matter more than safe states (VOA, “Voters in Just a Few States Will Decide US Presidential Election”). 33 states voted for the same party 5 times in a row, making them very predictable. These states are called safe states. Most safe states are ignored by candidates, because a certain candidates win is mostly guaranteed. The remaining unpredictable states are called swing states. Important swing states include Florida (29 electoral votes), Pennsylvania (20 electoral votes) and Ohio (18 electoral votes). “Seventy-five percent or more of a presidential candidate’s spending occurs in these key states.”(Hoban, “Why Are Swing States Important?”). Another power imbalance between states is that some states have a smaller people per vote ratio than other states, giving the people living in those states more power. For example, a voter in Wyoming has over 4 times the power of a voter in Texas. In 2008, Wyoming had a population of 532,668 people. With 3 electoral votes, 177,556 people equal to one vote. On the other hand, Texas had a population of 24.3 million people. With 34 electoral votes, each vote equals to 715,499 people (FairVote, “Problems with the Electoral College.”). Doing the math, Wyoming has a 4 times higher people per vote ratio than Texas. Why should some people get 4 times more voting power than other people? Each state is guaranteed at least 3 electoral votes, because there is at least 1 person in the House of Representatives and 2 people in the Senate. So tiny states with only 500-600 thousand people have at least 3 electoral votes, giving them more power than giant states like California and Texas.Another major problem about the electoral college is that a candidate can become president without winning a majority of popular vote. This has happened 5 times in US history, including our most recent election. An “unpopular” candidate winning the election is not that unlikely, as elections in 1824, 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016 ended with that result. (Gore, “Presidents Winning Without Popular Vote”). To be president, you only need 21.8% of the popular vote. In other words, you can become president with less than a quarter of the nation’s support. This can happen by barely winning DC and the America’s 39 least populated states. The electoral college is a winner-take-all system. Even by getting a tiny bit more than 50% of the popular vote in a state, a candidate gets every single electoral vote in that state. (Lewis, “Why We Should Abolish the Electoral College”) A candidate winning with only 21.8% of the popular vote is very unlikely, but it is possible. Becoming president with only 45% of the popular vote not all that unlikely, if it is possible to win with less than a quarter of the nation’s support.One of the reasons that the electoral college was created was to give extra power to smaller states (Schulman, “Why the electoral college”). It is true that by abolishing the electoral college, small states have little power. This is one of the main reasons that the electoral college wasn’t abolished yet. The problem is that the electoral college overpowered some states. Now the small states have too much power, nearly 4 times more voting power than large states like Texas and California. With popular vote, small states don’t have as much power. But with popular vote, each person has equal power, which is what a true democracy should be. It doesn’t really matter that small states get less power than bigger states. Unequal share of voting power among states exists with the electoral college too, so the electoral college really is not a solution for unequal power amongst states. With popular vote, at least everyone will have an equal share of power.We should abolish the electoral college because it causes more problems than creates more solutions. The 2 century old electoral college is outdated, and it doesn’t make sense to keep it now. An “unpopular” candidate can become president, which is not representative of a democracy. Swing states and small states generally have more voting power, making the people living in those states more powerful than people living in other states, which is unfair. The electoral college has done its job for many years. Now it is time to let it rest and make America a democracy.References:Schulman, Marc. “WHY THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE.” Historycentral, www.historycentral.com/elections/Electoralcollgewhy.html.Voa. “Voters in Just a Few States Will Decide US Presidential Election.” VOA, VOA, 18 Sept. 2016, learningenglish.voanews.com/a/voters-in-just-a-few-states-will-decide-us-presidential-election/3509466.html.Hoban, Brennan. “Why Are Swing States Important?” Brookings, Brookings, 21 Oct. 2016, www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2016/09/28/why-are-swing-states-important/.”FairVote.org | Problems with the Electoral College.” FairVote, archive3.fairvote.org/reforms/national-popular-vote/the-electoral-college/problems-with-the-electoral-college/.Gore, D’Angelo. “Presidents Winning Without Popular Vote.” FactCheck.org, 23 Dec. 2016, www.factcheck.org/2008/03/presidents-winning-without-popular-vote/.Lewis, Tyler. “Why We Should Abolish the Electoral College.” The Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 12 Jan. 2016, www.huffingtonpost.com/tyler-lewis/why-we-should-abolish-the_1_b_8961256.html.