Pakistan, poor town-planning and industrialization are causing problems in

Pakistan, a country where there are unplanned developments which cause many
linked problems in future.  The increase
in population growth in this country has increased the house demand and the
result being occupation of agricultural lands and forests. The urbanization in
the newly developed areas is being planned by using GIS and Remote Sensing
techniques enabling one to control the haphazard urban encroachment (Shirazi S.
A., 2009). Lahore is located from longitude 74?1?1?E to 74?38?10?E and latitude
31?15? to 31?44?2? having area of 1772 sq. km. in 1998, Lahore’s total
population was 6.319 million which has increased up to 9 million. (Riaz U. ,
2013). The height of Lahore is averagely 700 ft. from mean ocean level. The
upper most water table is found at profundity of 10 to 15 meters in the south
of the city however this water is not consumable. For drinkable purposes the
water is found at the inexact profundity of 120 to 150 meters (Riaz, Ghaffar,
& Butt, 2014; Ahmad, Ahmad, Rafiq, Iqbal, & Ali, 2002) The geological
structure of Lahore has been described as a portion of Indo-Gangetic-Plain that
was shaped in opposite of the range of Himalayas. The soil structure of Lahore
has been described as fertile and appropriate for plantation and vegetation.
Environmentalists have view about the climatic conditions of Lahore as
supportive to all types of harvests. Significant crops here are rice, wheat,
cotton, sugarcane, and regular vegetables. From the last 2 decades, the
cropping pattern has been shifted to food grain crops and regular vegetables
from cash crops to fulfill the food needs of the city. In third-world
countries, fast growth of population, poor town-planning and industrialization
are causing problems in supplying public services. Supply and sustainability of
clean water stands among the most crucial problems in Lahore. Lahore is the
capital and largest city of Punjab, having area of around 1000 sq. km. (Ahmad,
Ahmad, Rafiq, Iqbal, & Ali, 2002). Lahore had a declared population of 6.31
million in the census of 1998 which has tremendously increased and reached at
8.74 in 2017 (WASA, Master Planning Study, 2017). The essential source of water
supply in the city is groundwater that is pumped through tubewells. Water
request of the city is expanding quickly with the expansion of populace.
Authentic examinations about the aquifer of Lahore delineates that shallow and
deep water gets huge