p.p1 accepted the Rama-Sita or Radha- Krishna cult. They

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The bhakti movement, though originated in the south assumed the form of a widespread mass movement, which embraced practically the whole of the country. Perhaps, after the decline of Buddhism, there had never been a more widespread and popular movement in India than the bhakti movement. It achieved to a considerable extent the objectives it set forth. According to Prof. A.L. Srivastava the bhakti movement had two main objectives.
One was to reform the Hindu religion so as to enable it to withstand the onslaught of Islamic propaganda and proselytism. Its second object was to bring about reconciliation between Hinduism and Islam and foster friendly relations between the two communities. The bhakti movement succeeded to a great extent in realizing the first objective of bringing about the simplification of worship and liberalizing the traditional caste rules. The high and low among the Hindus forgot many of their prejudices and believed in the message of the reformers of the bhakti cult that all people were equal in the eyes of God and that birth was no bar to religious salvation. However, the movement failed in achieving the secondobjective namely, Hindu-Muslim unity. Neither the Turko-Afghan rulers nor the Muslim public accepted the Rama-Sita or Radha- Krishna cult. They refused to believe that Rama and Rahim, Ishwar and Allah were the names of the same God. The bhakti movement greatly contributed to the development of vernacular languages such as Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali and Marathi. The bhakti saints preached through these languages. The theme of bhakti enriched the literature in these languages. It is important to note that the bhakti reformers and the Sufi saints directly as well as indirectly created an atmosphere of brotherhood and fellow feelings between the Hindus and the Muslims.
This enabled the Mughal Emperors to follow a policy of religious toleration. The bhakti movement prepared the way for Akbar’s glorious rule that tried to transform the predominantly Muslim character of the Mughal state into a national state. The bhakti movement also inspired Shivaji to establish the swarajya. Foundation of Sikhism was one of the results of the bhakti movement.

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