Nuclear warfare and the public’s opinion of it has changed drastically in the United States since the first atomic bombs were developed.The first two atomic bombs were launched against Japan and dropped in Nagasaki and Hiroshima in 1945 during World War II. During World War II, the people of the U.S. saw Nuclear weapons as an advantage and a way to end the war. During this time period, the Government felt the atomic bombs were their best option for ending the war. The Government saw the atomic bombs as a great and powerful new military asset for the country. “With this bomb we have now added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces.”(Truman, 1945) The United States needed to send a message to Japan “Let there be no mistake; we shall completely destroy Japan’s power to make war.”(Truman, 1945) Government Officials believed that by using atomic bombs and controlling production, it could lead to peace. “But under present circumstances it is not intended to divulge the technical processes of production or all the military applications, pending further examination of possible methods of protecting us and the rest of the world from the danger of sudden destruction.”(Truman, 1945) “I shall give further consideration and make further recommendations to the Congress as to how atomic power can become a powerful and forceful influence towards the maintenance of world peace.”(Truman, 1945) At this time, the people agreed that the attack was what the country needed. Citizens wanted the war to end, and the use of the atomic bombs was a means to accomplish this. “In order to end the war in the shortest possible time and to avoid the enormous losses of human life which otherwise confronted us,”(Stimson, 1947) They saw the attack on the Japanese as a necessary sacrifice in order to save the lives of Americans. “Such an effective shock would save many times the number of lives, both American and Japanese, than it would cost.…”(Stimson, 1947) The very scientists that created the nuclear bombs themselves, were unsure of how the bombs should be used. They urged the military to be cautious and discuss the use of the atomic bombs with allied countries. “we recommend that before the weapons are used not only Britain, but also Russia, France, and China be advised that we have made considerable progress in our work on atomic weapons,”(Compton, Fermi, Lawrence, & Oppenheimer, 1945) Some of the scientist believed that nuclear tests would be sufficient in intimidating Japan, and more severe actions could harm our relations in the future. “Those who advocate a purely technical demonstration would wish to outlaw the use of atomic weapons, and have feared that if we use the weapons now our position in future negotiations will be prejudiced.”(Compton et al., 1945) The majority of the Manhattan project scientists agreed that using the atomic bombs in an all-out attack would be the most successful way to prevent casualties. “Others emphasize the opportunity of saving American lives by immediate military use, and believe that such use will improve the international prospects, in that they are more concerned with the prevention of war than with the elimination of this specific weapon. We find ourselves closer to these latter views; we can propose no technical demonstration likely to bring an end to the war; we see no acceptable alternative to direct military use.”(Compton et al., 1945)For a long period of time, countries have been trying to get rid of nuclear conflicts, and now our country is changing its approach. The United States has had a long history of bad relations with North Korea, currently there has been a lot of nuclear tension between President Donald Trump and North Korean Dictator Kim Jong Un. Recently Government officials have been expressing the opinion that it’s time to take action against North Korea. They believe that if we wait any longer North Korea could be the first to take action against us. “The more we bide our time, the sooner we will run out of it. In light of the growing threat, the time has come for all of us to put new pressure on North Korea to abandon its dangerous path. I urge this council to act before North Korea does.”(Tillerson, 2017) The U.S. Government wants to help the people of North Korea, and end the tyrannous regime. “Countries must know by now that helping the North Korean regime means enabling cruelty and suffering. North Korea feeds billions of dollars into a nuclear program it does not need while its own people starve. The regime’s pursuit of nuclear weapons does not serve its own national security or the well-being of a people trapped in tyranny.”(Tillerson, 2017) Not all government officials believe taking nuclear action is the best option. An alternative is to launch a diplomatic campaign. “We must work together to adopt a new approach and impose increased diplomatic and economic pressures on the North Korean regime. The new campaign the United States is embarking on is driven by our own national security considerations, and it is welcomed by many nations who are concerned for their own security and question why North Korea clings to nuclear capabilities for which it has no need.”(Tillerson, 2017) Citizens believe that if action is taken, there could be even more disastrous consequences. A large amount people share the opinion that we should avoid conflict altogether. Most ordinary citizens are in fear of what could happen if nuclear action is taken against North Korea. Striking up problems with North Korea could cause a horrible outcome. The United States, along with other countries have tried to get North Korea to halt their Nuclear Weapons in a diplomatic way but have been unsuccessful. These failed attempts give reason for Government officials to take more drastic measures. The long period of time that the United States has remained non-aggressive towards North Korea has built tension. Other countries share the opinion that North Korea has to be stopped, and thus could influence the decision the United States might take.The advancement of science and technology has changed nuclear warfare and in turn, changed the way our country views nuclear warfare. Nuclear weapons are becoming more powerful and dangerous, which is causing a lot of people to see them as more of a definite problem and threat. There have been breakthroughs in nuclear technology which has made nuclear warfare more destructive. The Nuclear Weapons developed during World War II in the 1940s were atomic bombs. Scientists have now developed hydrogen bombs which are exponentially more destructive and dangerous than the atomic bombs used against Japan. Countries today, use global monitoring systems in order to control the nuclear activity of other countries. The more apparent devastation that nuclear weapons could cause have lead citizens to fear nuclear conflict. With nuclear weapons becoming more potent and modern, common people are living with more fear, worrying how it could affect their safety. Changes in leadership, and aggressive government viewpoints have contributed to this unease.