Leadership to a higher standard (Kotelnikov, 2017). They are

Leadership is not what we would consider to be rank.
Leadership is in fact, responsibility. A leader could be the company’s CEO,
Stakeholders, managers, etc. the leader is there not only to make sure that
others are doing the things which they are supposed to be doing, but also there
to support others with the things that they are supposed to be doing.

Leadership is the lifting of a subordinate’s vision to
higher sights – the raising of a subordinate’s performance to a higher standard
(Kotelnikov, 2017). They are there to build people up, and help them to become
more then they themselves, expect to be. Simply being a manager, is no longer
good enough to be placed in a leadership role, in most companies these days.

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As we see in the reading, ethics is an important part of any
organizations culture (Terris, 2013, p. xx). It is
the responsibility of those in leadership roles, to assure that the companies
ethics and values, are closely followed. They are to not only make sure that
the are followed, it is also the duty of leadership to adopt ethics policies,
as well as to make sure that they are understood by all of those who are affiliated
with the company.

Those in leadership roles are an important part of a
company. An organization who has not placed someone in a leadership role, may
likely not functions well as a company who has deemed someone worthy of
leadership. As an organization sets out to achieve their objectives, mission,
and vision, those in leadership roles are responsible for reading, and
maintaining the balance which is required to achieve these things.

As we see in many organizations, the company’s CEO is
typically in charge of the whole operation. They generally make sure that
things are running as they should, and report directly to the administration
individual, or team. As well, they are to report back to the company’s board of
directors. Leadership personable are to gain knowledge of the company’s
objectives, and make sure things are running smoothly with them. quite often,
the CEO will be assigned as the majority leader with a company. These CEOs are
tasked with the responsibility of satisfying those individuals who are in
charge of making sure the company is funded. More often than not, this is the
stakeholders for the company.

The leaders are typically the balance between the owners,
stockholders, and shareholders of the company. In these situations, the main focus
is company profit. The leader of the company tries and is responsible for
maintaining the balance in business interest. Shareholders for the most part,
are majority focusing on increasing company profits (Admin, 2013). However,
stockholders believe that the company should owe allegiance, and try to make
happy, a lot more then just the company shareholders. This includes any one
individual who may affect, or be affected by the actions of the company. No
matter who the stockholders or shareholders are, it is the responsibility of
those who have been placed in leadership roles, to please them all, and do
things which will benefit everyone. CEOs or others whom are placed in
leadership roles, are responsible to making sure that there is a balance
between profit, and all other stakeholder concerns, at all times.

Organizations who have been Around for a while, and have
grown since start, realize that more often then not, leaders are made and not
born. Many companies will promote from the inside. This means that a leader at
a restaurant, may have one day been a simple dish washer. For this reason,
ethics and values need to be taught from the start. A leader who does not
teach, and enforce company culture, may be teaching the wrong values, and will
create leaders, who may not know how to lea well. For this reason, a very
important responsibility of a leader, is to teach.

The CEO’s composed with other supervision affiliates place emphasis
on their job capabilities in upholding a robust market position through long-range
approaches such as the offering of after sale services which entice new patrons
and at the same time maintain the current ones. By doing this, those in
leadership roles also help gain and maintain company profits. As well as
attract what could become a very loyal patron. So, in saying this, leaders are
also responsible for other aspects of company culture.

As we see in the above, those who have been placed in
leadership positions, basically run the whole company. The do the hiring and
firing. The make and enforce company culture policies such as ethics, and
values. They set out to do anything within their power, to please not only
consumers, but employees, managers, stakeholders and shareholders, as well as
anyone else who may be affiliated with the company in some way or another. A
company who has not established a leader, will never fare as well as one who
has. Leaders are extremely important, and have many roles and responsibilities
within a company.

Even though it may not be considered ethical, companies do
use anti-competitive practices, seeking unfair advantage through immoral
arrangements with suppliers and public officials, failing to adhere to laws and
regulations, and lack of transparency (Terris, 2013, p. xx). Some companies
will go to far, to try and beat out their competition. Competition is the
rivalry among businesses, and the main premise behind competition, is to
maximize profit, increase market shares, and sales volume. This is done by
price, product, promotions, and distribution methods. All companies are out to
win, and they may sometimes use unethical means to do so (ESA, 2012).

Any method of gaining a competitive advantage over the
competition which is unfair, is unethical (Terris, 2013, p. xx) and should not
be used. If a company misleads consumers or causes confusion, would fall into
this category. Exploiting the consumer, or business in anyway, should also be
avoided. As we see in the reading on Lockheed Martin when the company needed to
implement an ethics program, which was created following a series of bribery,
overcharging, and corruption scandals in the 1970s and 1980s, things seem to
have gotten better.

Since there have been laws placed around companies frauding
the consumer in any way, organizations must be careful in their dealings with
the public, consumers, and other businesses. For this reason, I believe that
things have gotten better for businesses, in general. Mainly for the reason
that business no longer has to worry about other organizations doing things to
gain an unfair advantage over them, and stealing customers away, in a manner
which is not ethical.

Welfare capitalism is a methodology that is used by larger
organizations, to compensate employees, only with wages. Until the turn of the
20th century, fringe benefits, insurance, retirement plans, and health benefits,
were available for us all (Gross, 2004). These benefits that we all looked
forward to during our working years, are no longer there for many. Organizations
did not want to lose employees, have them go on strike, or have productivity
slow down.  In turn, we now see things
such as raised wages, paid vacations, health plans, and other retirement
options. Some companies in the late 1920s, also offered English learning
classes, to immigrants.

The fallouts of industrial paternalism, welfare capitalism
leads to industrial paternalism which refers to businesses giving welfare-like
amenities to workers. It safeguards that the employees are treated and handled
well by the administrations. As well, it provides for better living standards,
and quality of life for many.

Howard Bowen stated that many if not all business at one point
will recognize its social responsibility in the social order (Terris, 2013).
Most companies want to maintain a good look in the eye of the public. For this
reason, they will strive to maintain some form of social responsibility. This
prediction of Howard Bowen has come to fruition in many organizations. We see
many of them engaging in social responsibility activities.

Many companies are going green, or doing things to protect
the environment. I often also hear of many creating, and donating to charity.
We see more and more of this every year. If not only for the environment,
organizations do this to appease their consumers. Being more socially
responsible, is a fantastic way to have a company be viewed positively in terms
of social responsibility, with the public.