It’s these disciplines plays a vital role in the

It’s hard to imagine a world without computer science, math,
or science and social sciences. These fields are the reason why society has
been able to rapidly improve computational capabilities. One area where these
disciplines plays a vital role in the computation of things is warfare. War is
an immediate and significant threat to the survival of humanity. As such, each
country has devoted a lot of their scientific, social, and mathematical
resources into different forms of computation in the event that war is imminent.
 War, like computation, is polymorphic;
in this essay, I will discuss how computer science, math, and science/social
sciences each have their own way of contributing to war related computations
that can both lead to a problem and a solution to national security.

                One of
the many forms of warfare is cyber warfare. Cyber warfare is defined as the act
of attacking a target using computer hacking, with intents of espionage and
sabotage. As technology is increasing exponentially, people have been able to
utilize computer science to compute different methods of offensive and
defensive tactics. In the case of cyber warfare, government entities hire intelligent
computer scientists to develop software that will ensure the protection of the
country from cyber-attacks. Defensive tactics include things such as encryption,
hashing, and developing firewalls to protect classified information. Offensive
tactics include things such as DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks,
database breaching, and spreading malware. These things are all made possible
by computations carried out by studying computer science. Although irrelevant
to cyber warfare, one recent example I like to recall where computer science
proved to be significant (even though it ended up being a false alarm) to the
survival of people in the event of a nuclear attack is the situation in Hawaii
where someone accidentally clicked on a wrong hyperlink that sent out a message
to all phones and T.V stations in the area alerting people of an incoming nuke,
and that it was not a drill. The entire state went into panic, all because of
an accidental click. This event is a stark reminder of how computer science has
contributed to a solution that could save a handful of people from the danger
of war.

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                Generally
speaking, mathematics and mathematical computations are used everywhere in war.
One example that immediately comes to mind relevant to modern political
conflicts are the threat North Korea’s ICBM’s. North Korea views America as one
of its worst enemies and as one of its biggest threats; to solve this problem,
they made ICBM’s capable of reaching mainland US to establish themselves as a
nuclear state. Now aside from politics, there are several ways in which
mathematics comes to play here. For starters, an ICBM is extremely difficult to
make, and it’s not difficult because it’s hard to come across the resources to
build an actual missile, rather the difficulty lies in its gyroscopic and
guidance systems. These systems rely on mathematical operations that are remarkably
complex. These operations need to factor in millions of elements that needs to
be considered during launch, during flight, and during detonation of the
missile. The smallest mistake can lead to devastating consequences. Just
imagine the amount of math required to calculate the trajectory of an ICBM from
North Korea to the United States on a perfect day with all factors held
constant; now imagine it on a more realistic day with varying wind speeds,
varying weather, varying cloud formations, and etc. As difficult as it may seem
to make an ICBM, the United States has gone about making a missile defense
system (called the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System) to shoot down such
ICBMs. The mathematics involved in making a defense system to track the
trajectory of an ICBM is infinitely more complex than making a working ICBM; as
a matter of fact, the Aegis BMD didn’t have a very promising success rate when
intercepting test missiles, and it isn’t expected to have a high success rate
due to the nature of the complexity involved in mathematical calculations.

                The
fields of science and social sciences are the reason why war is even a problem
in the first place. Social sciences, like science, is a very broad
generalization of various fields; it encompasses politics, business, economics,
anthropology, etc. Higher ranking politicians use politics to assess
international affairs every day and make computations accordingly. Such
computations attribute to the creation of laws and other vital decisions that are
either a solution to the problem, or make the problem worse. Economists make
various computations related to getting a good understanding of the financial well-being
and wealth of a country; the economy is a deciding factor of how to go about
preventing a war, or engaging in one. Scientists use varying forms of
scientific data (i.e chemistry, biology, meteorology) to perform computations
that can attribute to offensive and defensive war tactics. For example,
medicine (a byproduct of chemical computations) can be used to heal the wounded
in a war.

                In
conclusion, computations made possible by computer science, mathematics, and
sciences/social sciences are both the reason for many of the problems that
affect society today, and the solutions to those problems. This is especially true
in the case of international war. Computations are performed every day, and our
efficiency in carrying out valuable computations would not improve without different
fields of study.