In wash off family dishonour, practiced largly in tribal

In Pakistan Murders in the name of honour are prevalent, mostly
in rural areas however some incidence are reported in urban cities of Pakistan.
Named differently according to region, Karo kari in Sindh, kala kali in Punjab,
siyakari in Balochistan, and tor tora in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. according to a
survey (Thomson Reuters Foundation Trust 2011) Pakistan is number three in the
world most dangerous countries for women. In Sindh this is a deep rooted custom, normally its not considered as murder,
and murderers are backed by their families,in the practice of karo
kari which is believe to wash off family dishonour, practiced largly in  tribal areas of  Kashmore, Khairpur, Shikarpur, sukkur, Ghotki
and  Jacobabad.. . karo kari is not considered as a
crime,  but as a symbol of moral standing
to show the society that we have washed family honour by killing the woman and
victims is considered as guilty. .

Although it’s a gender neutral killing but often women are
killed, men most of the time run away  or
approached by his relative for compensation of money, or they demand a women
for marriage irresepective with whom that girl will be married sometime the
groom is of her fathers age belonging to the family of man, sometime they offer
land or cash.women doest have such alternatives.

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In sindhi culture woman is considered as a property of man, woman
are  considered inferior to man and
symbol of family respect and she cant marry a man of her choice most of the
time father decide for her daughters marriage , when she commit adultery, demand
for divorce,  If a girl is raped she is
assumed to be a reason of shame for family, and she is killed to sustain family
honour, even rumours of her smiling talking sitting calling to a man other than
husband apart from any sexual relation,Many cases are reported for honour
killing where agricultural lands are main resource of income. So many people
plot karo kari like an industry, using the right of khula. In most cases the
family of accused woman does not have any solid reasons of adultery. Even
educated families where such a incidence occurs practice it and they sacrifice
woman to preserve their family honour, or forced by social pressure.

Exact statistics is unknown due to under-reporting of such
inciden because most of the time they hide it . according to Human Rights
Commission of Pakistan 2012, every year 1000 women and girls are killed in
Pakistan. According to Research and Development for Human Resource for the year
2011 in 2012, 605 women and 115 men were murdered in the name of karo kari. According
to official data published by Pakistani senate in 2004, the highest number of
reported karo kari cases were in Punjab, then in Sindh, then in North_West
Frontier Province and then in South_western Province of Baluchistan. According
to Nafeesa shah, 1998,  In sindh
Jacobabad is leading in honour killings around 55 to 60 cases a month, she
collected data from 1995 _2004  from 1482
registered cases in which 16,00 plus killings accured, only 3% ended conviction
because in these cases there were no political interferenence, at most of the
cases state judiciary and human right activitist are helpless, and parliamentarian
for whom this system is survival don’t create laws against it.

In islam killing is not allowed in any way, karo kari is
unislamic practice. If we go back and try to find out the root of honour
killing  in India it may evolved from
custom of sati. According to the custom of satti when a man died woman burn
herself with her husband. During British rule in India Sir Charles James Napier
ban this practice and made a law of punishment. But still that custom was
continued.  Sir Charles james napier
arrived in sindh in 1848 and he banned karo kari in Sindh  as well. 
Sindhi culture is not inclined to violence against woman, They were more
focused to their land expansion, wealth.  Now question is how it became a custom of
sindhi culture. It is assumed that its came from baloch tribal areas as they
have intense attitude toward woman. Because of more empowerning resources and
good supply of water in Sindh baloch people started to come to sindh, as soon
as Baloch people moved to sindh cultural changes occurred. And karo kari custom
penetrated in sindhi culture, and today in sindh leading honour killing occurs
in Jacobabad which is highly populated baloch city.


Jirga play an pivoted role in the judgement of honour
killing, and its like a decision making assembly of tribe or tribal council who
are most of the time uneducated and don’t have knowledge of human rights law,
which is a result of feudal social structure and politically influenced
culture, particularly those who are influencial 
like sardar chief of tribe run jirga,who has unchallenged authority and
most of the time they are the member of parliamentarian and state try its best
to not to take any action against them. most of the time state support jirga
system and influencial people violates free and transparent probe if humen
right activitist raise their voice. Both parties agrees the decision of sardar,
each party nominates representatives or advisors, the advisors have full
knowledge of murders and they disclose it in jirga , chief discuss it with advisors
and then he announce the verdict in publicly. Jirga is illegal in Pakistan, but according to Asian
Human Rights Commission, 2010 “the rule of tradition is often more powerful
than the rule of law”. In sindh jirga system is less potent as compare to
Balochistan and north west frontier of Pakistan,  its very common in rural parts of Pakistan
because it’s a cheaper, faster and more lkasting alternative to settle legal
cases and disputes. although families can
decide independeblty between the four walls of a house to murder a woman driven
by family customs and traditions, in rural areas jirga is the only judiciary
and administrative forum. Jirga has
negative impact on society and perpetrator not only escape punishment but also
become a hero ih his society which encourage others to kill women(daughter,
wife, sister) in the name of honour.