In look at 3 stages of a Smartphone’s lifecycle,

In  this  research  paper  I  will  attempt  to  answer  the  question:  “What  is  the  attitude  towards 
sustainability  during  the  Design,  Manufacture, 
Usage  and  disposal 
of  a  Smartphone, 
and  how  does  this  compare 
to  what  we  should  be  doing  to  contribute  towards 
sustainability  and  what  can  we  do  to  make  this  a  reality?” 

To  do  this  I  will  look  at  3  stages  of  a  Smartphone’s 
lifecycle,  including:  design 
and  manufacture,  usage  and  disposal. 
I  have  chosen 
to  look  at  Smartphones  as  they  are  becoming  more  integral  in  our  everyday 
lives  and  will  become  more  affordable  to  everyone  as  technology  and  manufacturing  processes 
develop.  This  has  already  been  shown  in  the  fact  that,  as  Katie  Hope  (2016)  explains, 
the  sixth  annual 
report  from  Deloitte 
shows  in  a  survey  of  4,000  people 
from  the  UK,  4  of  5  adults 
have  a  Smartphone 
which  could  equate 
to  37  million 
people  across  the  UK.  In  addition  to  this  it  seems  smartphones 
will  be  around 
for  a  long  period  of  time  before 
they  are  phased 
out  in  favour 
of  a  newer  technology.  Katie  Hope  explains 
her  findings  from  Paul  Lee,  who  is  the  head  of  technology, 
media  and  telecommunications  research 
at  Deloitte.

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“Growth in new users slowed to 7% in the year to June 2016,
from 9% in the previous 12 months.

And according to the study, only a fifth of adults using feature
phones said they planned to trade up to a Smartphone.

“It is clear from our research that we are reaching an
age of ‘peak Smartphone’,” Mr Lee said.

“Given the market saturation, in the next 12 months,
we expect Smartphone penetration to rise modestly, perhaps by no more than two or
four percentage points.”

But while producers of some other handheld gadgets have struggled
to persuade users to keep buying newer models, this is not a problem phone manufacturers
will face, the report predicts.

“Smartphones will not suffer the same fate as tablets.
The replacement market is likely to remain healthy, and given the sizeable base
of existing owners, Smartphone sales are likely to remain in the tens of millions
for the foreseeable future,” Mr Lee said.” 
(Hope, 2017)


This  shows  that  Smartphones 
are  expected  to  continue  to  grow  in  sales,  even  if  the  sales  are  slowing  but  the  replacement 
market  will  stay  strong.  I  have  chosen 
to  compare  the  IPhone  X  and  the  Samsung  Galaxy 
Note  8  as  they  are  the  latest 
models  of  the  two  largest 
Smartphone  companies  in  the  3rd  quarter 
of  2017  according 
to  Idrees  Patel’s 
(2017)  findings  from  IDC’s  market 


Within  each  stage  of  a  Smartphones 
lifecycle,  I  will  look  at  the  attitude 
towards  sustainability  of  the  companies 
that  design  and  manufacture  the  phones,  the  user  and  government  legislation 
regarding  the  materials, 
manufacturing  processes  and  disposal  of  Smartphones.  To  aid  with  looking  at  the  sustainability  of  Smartphones  I  will  find  their  carbon 
footprint  and  compare 
the  carbon  footprint 
of  their  materials. 
This  will  provide 
a  quantifiable  comparison 
to  determine  which  phones  and  materials  are  more  sustainable 
than  others  by  comparing  their  CO2  emissions.


I  will  also  look  at  the  attitude  of  users  and  the  government 
to  help  to  find  out  whether  businesses 
and  government  legislation 
are  helping  or  standing  in  the  way  of  sustainability  and  whether  the  user  is  concerned  with  sustainability  when  purchasing  a  Smartphone  at  all.