In the years 1863-1877, blacks were able to make their first successful efforts in terms of empowerment, creating the foundation for future African American movements. During reconstruction, African Americans, through collaboration and politics, began to work at equal rights. By empowering themselves politically, building communities and fighting against the lynching efforts of the KKK and other anti-black terrorist groups, African Americans began a movement to combat racism in the United States.During reconstruction from 1863-1977, African Americans were able to lower the political barrier American society had on them, previously being restricted from voting. Edmund J. Davis was elected as governor of Texas in 1869; two black senators were also elected, one being a former slave. The new body allowed for the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to be passed. The Fourteenth amendment described that “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside,” and the Fifteenth amendment described that “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”. Although the rise of the KKK reduced and almost eliminated African American political power, African Americans banded together, forming communities and continued to fight for their rights, this time with more vigor.During reconstruction, African Americans were finally able to build communities and support one another, with their cooperation leading to the many milestones in racial equality in the near future. In 1865 , slavery was abolished following the creation of the 13th amendment. The passing of the Black Codes allowed for blacks to marry, own property and sue in court but did not allow for them to testify against whites, be a part of any jury or serve in the state’s military. In the text To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout mentions “It was an ancient paint-peeled frame building, the only church in Maycomb with a steeple and bell, called First Purchase because it was paid for from the first earnings of freed slaves,” (page 157, paragraph 7). As shown in the quote, Maycomb has a history of freed slaves from a result of the 13th amendment; in this example, a church for African Americans was built by African Americans in order for them to also be able to practice their religion. By creating a sense of community, African Americans were able to fight together against setbacks, such as the KKK.During the rise of the KKK, the anti-lynching movement began its life in the late 1800s and early 1900s, African Americans attempted to better their situation by beginning an anti-lynching movement . Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, a historian, wrote in her book Gender, Class, Race, and Reform in the Progressive Era that African American women “formed the backbone of the anti-lynching crusade.” For example, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, an African American reporter, put her life on the line to report coverage on lynching. Although not successful at first, with the help of other activists and the popularization of the anti-lynching movement in the 1920’s, the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill was passed in 1922 punishing the municipal officers failing to protect the lynched, the perpetrators and forcing the county to pay a compensation fee towards the family of the victim.