In countries between January 1942 and early 1945. The

In the early Twentieth century many efforts were made to create a form of international peacekeeping.  In his Fourteen Points plan President of the United States Woodrow Wilson first proposed the creation of an intergovernmental peacekeeping body which he called the League of Nations (LN).  The LN was created in 1920 at the Paris Peace Conference with the ratification of the Covenant of the League of Nations on January 10, 1920.  The LN was the first organization of its kind to be created through a communal effort and with such a large portion of the world’s nations participating. Despite being the first of its kind, he LN would cease to exist less than three decades later when it was dissolved in 1946 and its many shortcomings were critical to its failure: these include the fact that the United States never joined it, that the decisions had to be unanimous to pass, and the lack of a unified army for the LN.   Many of the countries were left economically unstable as well which made them unlikely to provide the fiscal support that the LN needed to remain relevant.  After the LN was unable to prevent World War II (WWII), the international community began to ponder the creation of a new, more efficient international peacekeeping body to replace the LN, which had by then proven obsolete. Replacing the LN was first discussed in 1939 by the U.S. State Department and two years later President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, with the help of Harry Hopkins, drafted the “Declaration by the United Nations.”  The document was signed by 47 countries between January 1942 and early 1945.  The Declaration unified these countries for the first time outside of the LN and also played a role in WWII – it unified signatories in the effort against the Axis Forces and fortified commitments to the Atlantic Charter.  The backdrop provided by WWII was key in Specifics about the structure and function of the United Nations were discussed later at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, where the agenda for the San Francisco Conference was set.The Dumbarton Oaks Conference was held in Washington, D.C. in 1944 and was attended by representatives from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and China.?  The members of the conference proposed the creation of a new global organization to replace the now futile League of Nations with a new organization with a name proposed by President Roosevelt in 1941: The United Nations. At the Dumbarton Oaks Conference representatives worked on a series of proposals to suggest the internal organization of the United Nations.  The proposals were used as guidelines that were debated and added to at the 1945 United Nations Conference on Internal Organization, more commonly referred to as the 1945 San Francisco Conference. On April 25, 1945, delegates from fifty nation-states met in San Francisco and began what would be a two-month process of writing the charter for the United Nations.  The work was organized into four commissions dealing with the general purposes and responsibilities, the General Assembly, the Security Council, and the Statute for the International Court of Justice.  Each of these commissions met hundreds of times throughout the conference to perfect their aspect of the Charter.  As the Charter was being written and voted on every part had to be approved by two-thirds of the delegates present; thus, voting was an extensive and often tedious process as well. The UN Charter is composed of X articles,