[i] in section 12 of Hindu marriage act of



6. nap.edu

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5. marrige.co.in

4. yourarticlelibrary.com

3. ons.gov.uk

2. pewsocialturds.org

1. religeoustolerance.com


With the change in
times the trends in marriages have drastically changed. The individuals are
given more freedom regarding the choice of their partners. The rituals have
become less lengthy and easy to perform .The women now go to earn for their
family and the culture of nuclear families is also emerging. Due to busy
schedule of both the parents they are unable to give proper time to their families
which cause tension in family and eventually divorce.


The law is playing an
active role in the marriages. Earlier the marriages were done by different
rituals of different communities and not registered anywhere. Now the people
register their marriages in the court. The court has now framed a set of rules
for a marriage to be legally valid .The conditions which lead to voidable
marriages are mentioned in section 12 of Hindu marriage act of 1955.

Laws Relating to Legal


Thus, we can say that
however the youth of the modern era perceives the institution of marriage with
modernized and westernized visions, marriage has not been reduced to the level
of a mere civil contract although the sanctity of the same is little affected.
The youth rather trying to embrace the companionship of a husband and a wife on
the foundation of empathy, trust and mutual consents. Although the values of
the youth are individualistic but those also provide space for each other’s
growth and preferences.

  most of the youth of today follow the
individualistic values that make them focused on personal selves, they first
look at their own growth and wishes than of others and such attitudes sometimes
result in arguments, disagreement and disputes with their spouses and that is
also why in the modern times the instances of divorce and desertion are on the

Increase in Divorces
and Desertion:

 the practice of paying dowry is associated
with the economic aspect of marriage, however in the modern time the practice
of paying dowry has not been changed a lot but particularly the young
generation show a strong disfavour against this practice. The modern men do not
prefer to take dowry from the girl’s parents but rather prefer to give every comfort
and facility to their wives on their own. Many educated youth refuse to take
even a single penny from their in-laws and maintain their dignity.

Change in the Economic
Aspect of Marriage:

2. Indian Parliament
later declared the age of marriage to be 18 years for woman and for boys 21

1. Sharada Act: The age
of the girl marriage was mentioned 14 and for boys it was  18

In primitive Indian
society the people used to get married at a very young age. In states like
Rajasthan at infancy the people used to get marriage. The legislation took some
steps to curb this problem and passed laws to prevent in

Age of Marriage


The marriage earlier
used to be a permanent and rigid affair. The women could not break the marriage
even if she was not treated well. These days the women have become more
self-reliant and thus they can get divorce easily. The change in divorce laws
and liberation of women they can get divorced legally without any pressure from
the families. Though due to the touch of the western culture the age of marital
relationship has reduced because the people have become more rigid and they do
not want to change for each other or adjust.

Longevity of Marriage

2. Special marriage act

1. Hindu marriage
disabilities removal act 1945

Earlier the marriage
was a very strict affair in terms of religion. The families were very rigid and
supported marriages in same caste only but these days they give more freedom
and liberty when it comes to selecting partners. Now cross cousin marriages and
cross religion marriages have become more common. The Arya samaj movement also
promotes the inter caste marriages.    Relating
to marriages the legislation passed the laws also such as

Cross Religion


With the effect of the
western culture the procedure of mate selection has changed drastically.
Earlier the parents of the children used to find the partners with the help of
the relatives. These days the marital websites and dating apps play a major
role in the mate selection process. The individual’s now play a very
significant role in the mate selection process.

Changes in Mate

done by helpers on
monthly wages and women now hold an equal position to that of men in the

industrialization and urbanization came in India the male member of the family
used to earn and the female used to take care of the family. The household
chores were solely performed by the female with little or no help. With the
industrialization and urbanization the roles of women increased, now they went
out to work and the dependency rate began to fall. The women now played a more
active role in substituting to the family income. The family chores are now i

Change in Gender Roles

Earlier in Hindu
society the main aim of the marriage was of kama or sex but with the change in
times the main aim has now become that of Dharma .In earlier times the male
used to work for the bread and the women were essentially the home keeper. The
women were considered to be settled when they married and the girl’s family
considered marriage to be an affair of utmost importance of the girl’s life.
These days the bride not only helps to care the family but also lends a helping
hand in the family’s income. The main aim of marrying was earlier to keep the
lineage of family but recently it has shifted to provide a better standard of
life to both the indivisuals in the marital relationship and the children born
out of the marital knot.

of Marriage      

Marriage is a social
arrangement under which a man and a woman agree to enter into a relationship as
husband and wife and vow to live together for the rest of their lives. Marriage
is a willful decision that binds the couple together emotionally, financially,
and legally. Marriage gives rise to legal rights and duties of the partners,
respectively. As per the traditional views, marriage is solemnized to give
birth to legitimate children. It is a serious arrangement that has implications
if it fails. In
India, marriage is a union between two families. It is not considered to be a
stand-alone relationship of a boy and a girl. Marriages are mainly solemnized
through strict rituals and customs that vary from place-to-place. Except in
certain parts of Eastern India, people are still reluctant to opt for
registered marriages.

Such Changes