George the offenses and flaws of communism, as when

George Orwell’s Animal Farm is a tale about the revolution on the “Manor Farm”. The entire book (including the characters themselves) is an allegory in relation to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union under totalitarian Stalin. I enjoyed  Animal Farm because it provides a balanced viewpoint on the offenses and flaws of communism, as when one person has all of the power, they can get corrupted or become a dictator if not checked or balanced.The early book starts with the introduction of Manor Farm and all the faults with it, including Mr. Jones’ alcoholism, his men’s ineptness to care for the farm, and the grievances of Mr. Jones. Old Major is also introduced, he is based on both Lenin, and Marx (Lenin, being the brains behind the Russian revolution, and Marx, the “Father of communism”) and he urges the animals, in a great speech, (in which the term “comrade” is frequently used) to revolt and not to accept the abuses of Mr. Jones, for “Man is the only creature that consumes without producing” (19) , and to start a revolution or at least lay the seeds for the future generations so others can follow in their footsteps, “And above all, pass on this message of mine to those who come after you, so that future generations shall carry on the struggle until it is victorious” (20). He dies soon after. Then three pigs, Snowball (Trotsky) Napoleon (Stalin) and Squealer(the Russian propaganda newspaper “Pravda”) “who were generally recognized as being the cleverest of the animals” (25) establish the complete philosophy of “Animalism”. Later they change Manor Farm’s name to Animal farm and they start flying a flag of green, with a crossed horn and hoof which “signified the future Republic of the Animals…”. They also created seven commandments which “would form an unalterable law by which all animals on Animal Farm must live for ever after” (32)Later, Snowball is ousted by Napoleon, after they had a disagreement about plans to build a windmill in which Napoleon is originally against. Once Snowball is gone, Napoleon states that is was his idea originally to build the windmill, and that Snowball stole his ideas and plans for it. He then makes Snowball a common enemy, blaming him when the windmill first falls down, for the farm to be against, in order to strengthen his power, with the help of Squealer, who makes up stories and justifies all of Napoleon’s actions by blaming Snowball.While all of this is going on, the 7 commandments are being broken and subsequently modified by the pigs, as they begin to sleep in beds, but they have modified the rule to state that “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets” (69) Instead of No animal shall sleep in a bed. This continues and two other commandments have been modified until one night, only one commandment remains, “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others” (123).At the end of the book, the pigs have become more and more oppressive and human-like, as they have made trades with other humans, drinking alcohol(which was one of the seven commandments, not to drink alcohol)  wearing clothes, and eventually walk upright. As soon as they begin walking upright, they also employ the use of whips to force the animals to work, and begin to reduce their rations just enough, so the animals are not starving.. Until one day, they are in the farmhouse, playing cards and drinking with humans, they appear, from outside to be almost human like and the humans more pigs like, “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which” (128). So the pigs, in the end, start where they began, but on the other side of the whip.This book explains what went wrong in Soviet Russian, and how greed and power can corrupt almost anyone, no matter how loyal to a cause they may seem to be in the beginning. With all of this, I enjoyed the book, and would recommend it to people who are considering reading it, as it can be a fun read for people who want a tale of animals on a farm, or a more serious read if you want to get into the philosophical sides of the story and the morals involved in communism.