Evaluating findings indicate that six key features are needed

Evaluating an
Intervention for Young People

In the essay I will
evaluate an intervention for young people. 
The topic I have chosen to base the interventions on is sport around
youth related social problems. These social problems include alcoholism, anti-social
behaviour and drug use. I will evaluate 3 journal articles and 1 book that
agree with the intervention and think it is positive and one journal article
which contradicts the value of the intervention.

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The first journal I am
going to evaluate is from the journal Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy.
The title of this article is, Positive youth development and physical
activity/sport interventions: mechanisms leading to sustained impact.  The background from this journal states that
sometimes sports interventions are a cure for youth related social problems. The
articles purpose was to report interventions that were carried out in the UK in
order to recognize the key structures in their design that were found to have a
positive impact. Two activity programmes were carried out, one research team
evaluated youth dissatisfaction and disengagement using a comparable evaluation
strategy. Over 10,000 young people took part in this programme from 2003 to
2007. Data was collected from 50% of all SSLFS pupils and 90% of HSBC/OB pupils
from the five different schools who took part.  An evaluation plan was put into place ranging
from detailed individual methods such as school level case studies, individual
student profiling and the invention of programme logic procedures. Using
descriptive statistics, constructive revision and profile comparisons data was
analysed. (Armour, et al., 2012)

The findings indicate
that six key features are needed in the design of youth development programmes.
These features are, giving the students a chance to work with other young
people, setting targets for the students, finding activities outside of the
regular school curriculum, matching students’ needs with their ideas, promoting
a good relationship between students and leaders and working long side students
allowing them to pick their own activates. This intervention can lead to having
a positive impact from physical activity/sport. Possibly, the findings demonstrate the simple ways in
which these different mechanisms work together to produce positive outcomes. (Armour, et al., 2012)

The purpose of article two was to evaluate youth sport
programs/interventions to see the positive outcomes and to see the risk of
problem behaviors decreasing.

This idea came from worries about adolescent behaviors
such as drug use and crime, with this leading to improved youth development and
a flow of funding for youth programs/interventions carried out after school.
This article provides literature throughout about the positive and negative
outcomes. The article suggests that youth sport programs work well using
developmental approaches and good relationships between coach or leader and
child. It also highlights how the five C’s which are character, connections,
confidence, compassion and caring are positive for development. The significant
roles of policy making, sport groups, leaders, coaches and parents is
highlighted in an applied sporting program design to substitute the importance
of these elements needed as a starting point for more applied and theoretical
research to be done. (Frase-Thomas, et al., 2007)

This article, The Influence of Sport and Recreation upon
Crime Reduction: A Literature Review examines several sports activities that
seem to have a useful effect in helping and keeping young people out of
trouble. This article states that core values such as co-operation and respect
are needed when playing sport. Life skills such as self-esteem that are learned
through sport can have an impact on an individual’s life. This paper focuses on
how activities and interventions prevent crime. The article highlights how
there is some evidence for the need for one to one interventions or smaller
group work which are not competitive. Other interventions that are used with
offenders help to rehabilitate them and reduce reoffending. These interventions
are used to develop personal and social skills and are usually outdoor
programmes.  These interventions are
hoped to be eventually brought to the wider society and used to help tackle
offending behaviours. In the discussion the articles demonstrate how there is
opportunities for young people to get involved in sport to help stir them away
from crime. Overall, they state that sport is most effective when combined with
programmes that help peoples personal and social development. (Ehsani, et al., 2012)

The book Sport and Crime Reduction looks at how mangers of programmes and
interventions for sport help reduce crime. These mangers include those working
in youth services, local authority sport and the youth justice board and
probation center. This book also provides examples of programmes and methods.
The book highlights each case study carried out by these mangers and how they
all worked and have a positive impact on reducing crime. The book goes into
detail about each programme and how it has a different affect on promoting
positivity for sport. For example, the author discusses how programmes in the
category of mechanism included diversion. This programme can help divert
someone away from crime.

The book also gives an overview of some traditional values and
interventions like public policy. Overall the books main argument was to
understand the role of sports programmes/intervention and how these work in
order to have a positive impact on reducing crime. (Nicolas, 2010)

Article five states that although sport-based interventions have positive
outcomes and can help change someone’s life, there is a lack of sufficient
evidence that taking part in sports can have an impact on the reduction of
antisocial behavior. The paper discusses how sports-based interventions can
become overly analyzed and mark wider basic class, gender and race inequalities
by focusing on induvial needs and pathways to work. By doing theses
interventions such as individual work can spread through inequalities that
infuse through neoliberal natation states and criminal justice structures. The article
concludes, sports-based interventions must search for a less standardized idea
of what sports-based interventions are and to consider the sensitive issues and
ideas for young people and to focus more on the problem that create the issues
in the first place which is youth crime. (Chamberlain, 2013)

In conclusion, sports-based interventions have an overall positive
experience on young people and is effective for tackling youth related social
problems. The intervention results show that involving young people in sport,
having a good relationship between leader and pupil and working with the
persons best interests can help stir them away from antisocial behavior. As a
social care worker these interventions would be a good way to help young people
involved in related social problems.












Armour, K., Sandford, R. & Duncombe, R., 2012.
Positive youth development and physical activity/sport interventions:
mechanisms leading to sustained impact. Physcial Education and Sport
Pedagogy, pp. 256-281.
Chamberlain, J. M.,
2013. Sports-based intervention and the problem of youth offending: a diverse
enough tool for a diverse society?. Sport in Society , 16(10), pp.
Ehsani, M., Dehnavi,
A. & Heidary, A., 2012. The Influence of Sport and Recreation upon Crime
Reduction: A Literature Review. International Journal of Academic Research
in Business and Social Sciences , 2(6), pp. 98-104.
Frase-Thomas, J. L.,
Cote, J. & Deakin, J., 2007. Youth sport programs: an avenue to foster
positive youth development. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 10(1),
pp. 19-40.
Nicolas, G., 2010. Sport
and Crime Reduction: The Role of Sports in Tackling Youth Crime. UK: