European sales to end-users through the implementation of energy

European Union Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes (EEOS)


The member states of the European
Union have adopted the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED, Directive 2012/27/EU)
which sets a binding EU-level obligation of achieving energy savings to the
level of 30% across different sectors of the economy. Particularly, article 7
of the EED requires putting in place Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes
(EEOSs) as a means for requiring energy suppliers and distributors to achieve
energy savings at a rate of 1.5% of their yearly energy sales to end-users
through the implementation of energy efficiency measures. The EEOS is not the
only policy instrument enabled by the EED but is a key one and one of the most
widespread options among EU member states, along with financing schemes, fiscal
incentives, and taxes on energy and carbon. The targeted subjects include
energy suppliers, retailers and distributors, being those groups better
positioned to screen and unveil energy savings potential in their own
operations and their down-stream value chain (e.g. end customers). (European
Comission, 2016)

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Some of the countries with
experience in the design of EEOS within the European Union are Austria, Belgium,
France, United Kingdom, Denmark, Poland and Italy.