Catcher in the rye, a novel written by J.D Salinger tells the story of 16-year-old Holden Caulfield and the struggles he faced in his personal life and his brief time pencey prep. The entire novel is narrated by Holden as he is meant to be telling the audience his story. It is argued that Holden can be called a static character and someone who doesn’t change from the beginning of the novel to the end. With many quotes to support that idea and textual evidence from the novel that argument can be very clear that indeed Holden is a static character. With the many people that Holden encounters in the novel, Holden truly shows he really colors and emotion and proves that he is just the same as he was in the beginning. His constant lies and hypocritical comments further support this argument and will be analyzed further. Holden’s attitude towards most people is simple and can be described as being at times cocky. Holden constantly makes remarks about other people and puts his two cents in when he can. He is notorious for calling people phony when in reality he may be the only phony one there. “I’m always saying “Glad to’ve met you” to someone I’m not at all glad I met. If you want Maringola 2to stay alive, you have to say that stuff, though.” Salinger 56) In this quote Holden is expressing himself by saying that in some situations he doesn’t feel like people deserve his respect, he even goes on to say that he says he is glad to meet someone even though he’s not really sincere about it. The fact that Holden complaints and constantly state that almost everyone around him is a phony is hypocritical of him to say considering the comment he had made earlier. Furthermore, we also see Holden lie his way to getting things. A prime example includes when he manipulated the bartender order to acquire alcohol. “I stood up when I ordered them so they could see how tall I was so they wouldn’t see I was a god damn minor” ( Salinger 142). He later goes on and makes a comment about the entertainment that is in the bar. “Then I watched the phonies for a while” (Salinger 142). Again Holden makes a remark using the word phony which he clearly states he dislikes phony people. Considering this has been Holden’s attitude since the beginning of the novel and these quotes take part during the middle you could say his attitude is not changing by the end. Holden already troubled by the passing of his younger brother Allie keeps a lot of emotion bottled up inside of him and this has a big part and role in why his attitude is the way it is. Holden refers to Allie many times in the novel and often says he has a lot of anger stored inside of him because of this tragic event. This could indicate why Holden reacts to certain situations in a manner that is quite different from other regular teenagers. “I don’t like any shows actually” ( Salinger 117). This quote makes Holden seem depressed and not interested in tv Maringola 3 shows at all. It is possible that he and Allie watched television together and maybe this brings back some tough memories for him. Don’t ever tell anybody anything. If you do you’ll start missing everybody (Salinger 214). At the end of the novel Holden make this comment and it clearly reflects that he hasn’t changed from the beginning of the novel, “This one guy keeps asking me if I’m going to apply myself when I go back to school this fall and to him I say that is a stupid question” (Salinger 213) Holden is still making sarcastic comments like he has been previously and has not learned to change his attitude since making his way to this institution. .