Arvizu 1Gisselle ArvizuMrs. MartinezEnglish IV 4B08 December 2017The Death PenaltyBeing part of a victim’s family, my cousins murderer is waiting to be sentenced. As i went through his background and saw everything he had done, also all the people he had hurt, i thought more about my cousins case and what he had done to him. I wondered if he could be sentenced the death penalty. The death penalty is a good way of getting rid of criminals who have done inhumane things. The death penalty has many ups and downs, but when it comes down to having to choose if it is best, there are many reasons for it to still be used today. It costs the government less to as opposed to life in prison. It makes criminals think twice about what they do, and they see all the forms of getting it done. The constitution is also for it. The death penalty is a good form of getting criminals to pay for what they do, and it may also bring happiness and closure to many families. Many people are for the death penalty, but their are also those who are against it. It mainly should be focused on to those who have done horrible things like kill or rape. There are many bad things that can be done to people but when it comes down to killing or doing inhumane things, the criminal should be sentenced the death penalty, no ands ifs or but should be questioned or said.Arvizu 2The death penalty costs the government less as opposed to life in prison. For a criminal to be in jail for the rest of their life means the government will need to spend money. They will spend money on food, health care and other expenses, so the criminal continues to live. But the death penalty won’t cost the government so much. The death penalty can be a very serious form of punishment. but the only way of getting sentenced with the death penalty is when you do something very bad. It is an equal and good way of getting rid of cruel criminals. This can help the economy and the government on many costs that they do. They won’t waste as much money anymore, the only thing they will be spending on is on the lethal injection or on whatever other form they will commit this punishment. The government will be able to use the money for charities and help out people who actually need it. They can even give the criminals family something so they can get on their feet if they need to. For the government to enforce the death penalty, it will bring many positive things to the society. For the government to support a prisoner for life would cost taxpayers about $90,000. All of this money could be put to good use for things we actually need for things that people should deserve. The money can be used for those veterans that deserve the money. the cost for the drugs used in lethal injection is $86.08 (pro death penalty).These are things the government should take a double look at and realise people who do wrong should pay for the damage they have caused. The criminals should take a second look at the things they are about to do, and realise they have consequences. Arvizu 3The death penalty makes criminals think twice before commiting a dangerous act. If a criminal kills someone they can automatically be sentenced the death penalty, so for them tothink of the different ways it could be done to them, that might change their actions.the criminal will have had to have done something in order for them to know all the horrible things that come with the death penalty. But if the person is about to commit a crime they will think about those bad things and realise its better for them not to do something so horrific, and this might keep them from doing harm. There are many execution methods like lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, firing squad, and hanging(pro death penalty). Today, all of the 32 states that have the death penalty use lethal injection. The person who is going to be receiving this is laid down on a gurney and the person in charge puts heart monitors over their chest. A needle is then inserted into the veins. First they start off with a harmless saline solution then when told to the person in charge injects the criminal with sodium thiopental. This is an anesthetic that put the criminal to sleep. after flows pavulon or pancuronium bromide is injected, which paralyzes the muscle system and stops breathing. Potassium chloride is next which will then stop the heart(death penalty info-lethal injection). The first electric chair was built in new york in 1888. But today execution is not used in any state. The prisoner must first be prepared for execution by shaving the head and the calf of one leg. This permits better contact between the skin and the electrodes which must be attached to the body. The prisoner is strapped into the electric chair at the wrists, waist, and ankles. An electrode is attached to the head and another to the leg. At least two jolts of an electrical current are applied for several minutes. An initial voltage of about 2,000 volts stops the heart and induces unconsciousness. The voltage is then lowered Arvizu 4somewhat(theregister).Today, five states authorize lethal gas as a method of execution, but all have lethal injection as an alternative method. A federal court in California found this method to be cruel and unusual punishment. The last use of a gas chamber was on March 3, 1999, when Walter LaGrand, a German national, was executed in Arizona(death penalty curriculum). This process is done by strapping the inmate to a chair. Under the chair there will be a pail of sulfuric acid. After everyone has left the room, the process begins. A lever that releases crystals of sodium cyanide into the pail. Which will cause a chemical reaction that throws out hydrogen cyanide gas. Firing squad was only used in utah. But it could only be requested by the inmate, instead of lethal injection. And finally, the first method of execution was hanging. Until the 1890s, hanging was the primary method of execution used in the United States(death penalty curriculum). This is still used in Delaware and Washington. They measure the inmate and getting everything set up. But before completing this action they practice with a bag of sand. The rope should be ¾ inch to 1 and ¼ inch. The inmates weight causes a fracture-dislocation in the neck and that is how it is done. These are the 4 main execution forms for completing the death penalty. The death penalty can promote happiness and closure to many families. Many families suffer from the loss of family due to these horrible criminals. Well, these criminals can be sentenced the death penalty and that will be a relief to the family. Senator raymond lesniak from new jersey wrote a speech and it won first place.He will donate his first-place winnings, roughly $9,740 from the Caen City Council, to The Road to Justice and Peace: a non-profit started by the Senator advance the abolition of the death penalty around the globe, to support the families of Arvizu 5murder victims, and to promote humane alternatives to incarceration(death penalty info). He talks about families and how they deserve justice and peace from criminals who hurt their families or even killed some of their family members. The senator is for the death penalty. He is trying to make it legal in every state and he is supporting all families of murder victims. Families won’t have to be going through court sessions having to remember what their loved one went through. They also don’t need to spend so much time and money trying to win a case without the victim. The death penalty can falsely accuse someone but in other cases it can actually be a result of punishment for someone who did something bad. Byron Halsey was a criminal who killed two children. Both children had been sexually assaulted by him and the girl was strangled to death. The the boy had nails driven into his head. This criminal was sentenced the death penalty but they took a second look at this case. On july ninth he walked out of jail being let free. He had served 19 years in prison. He should have been given the death penalty for the horrible thing he had done. These children’s families should just be able to know that the criminal paid for what he did. But he walking the streets. If the criminal would of been sentenced the death penalty the family would have had peace in their lives and would of been happy with the thought of their children getting justice. The death penalty can promote happiness and closure to families and thi is why it should be enforced. The death penalty may have a few bad sides to it. But the outcome of the death penalty is that their will be no more criminals and victims will be able to live in peace.Arvizu 6Many states are still for the death penalty. But other states are against it. It is stated in the constitution, in the fifth, eighth, and fourteenth amendment that it is permitted to use the death penalty in appropriate cases( death penalty procon). “It is apparent from the text of the Constitution itself that the existence of capital punishment was accepted by the Framers. At the time the Eighth Amendment was ratified, capital punishment was a common sanction in every State. Indeed, the First Congress of the United States enacted legislation providing death as the penalty for specified crimes. The Fifth Amendment, adopted at the same time as the Eighth, contemplated the continued existence of the capital sanction by imposing certain limits on the prosecution of capital cases:”(constitution.now). The eighth and the fourteenth amendment talk about the death penalty. They state the requirements in order to be sentenced the death penalty. The jury in a courtroom is usually the one who can sentence the criminal for the inhumane things they have done. The supreme court’s opinion really matters also. It is important for people to understand that the death penalty is a very serious topic, and it can change the thing society goes through and everything that is happening in the world today. The constitution specifically states, “For nearly two centuries, this Court, repeatedly and often expressly, has recognized that capital punishment is not invalid. . . .” ( In Gregg V. Georgia, 1976), showing that it is not something that cannot be done. It has its good factors and bad factors, but many believe it should be used as a common punishment. The death penalty is just another form of someone paying for the bad things they have done. It is considered a punishment for those who do inhumane things.Arvizu 7Many criminals may have mental disabilities or may suffer from mental illness and do not know what they are doing. Lots of people can go crazy in jail or out of jail also. Many people do bad drugs, which lead them to do other bad things like maybe hurt others just to get what they need. These people need help and if they get thrown into jail then they won’t ever get help. If they kill someone or even worse they will live with that for the rest of their lives. Maybe that will help them change, after they pay for what they did of course. Many people who are not in their right state of mind do bad things. A person with a mental illness cannot control what they feel or do. This may cause them to do bad things These bad things can get them into lots of trouble. But if there are people who have these mental illnesses or mental disabilities, then they should have someone or special help, looking after them so they won’t do bad things. Or maybe also be prescribed medicine. The disproportionately high rate of mental disorders in prisons is related to several factors: the widespread misconception that all people with mental disorders are a danger to the public; the general intolerance of many societies to difficult or disturbing behaviour; the failure to promote treatment, care and rehabilitation, and, above all, the lack of, or poor access to, mental health services in many countries. Many of these disorders may be present before admission to prison, and may be further exacerbated by the stress of imprisonment. However, mental disorders may also develop during imprisonment itself as a consequence of prevailing conditions and also possibly due to torture or other human rights violations(who.int). Many people can become mentally ill in jail or also outside of jail. Many say it is bad for a person with mental illnesses or mental disorders to be in prison, but if they have their special help or person who takes care of them, they wont ever have to go to prison to find out if that is right or wrong. Arvizu 8Innocent people can be wrongly executed for taking the fault of others, they will suffer this punishment. Many can say they did it, but did not do it. Someone can give false information, or it can be a form of revenge. But if the person gives the right information and is not guilty of the act, then they won’t have to go through with this punishment. But if they are truly guilty for that accusation then they will need to pay for their actions. As the bible states, ” an eye for an eye”. How many are sentenced to death in the United States for crimes they did not commit?A new study believes the figure is 1 in every 25—or 4.1 percent(newsweek). Their have been many people wrongly executed just because they chose to lie about whatever they did not do or to save someone else’s life. The states who sentence the death penalty should be very careful and take a good look at everything before putting the prisoner out. People should also think twice before committing these dangerous act and should also think about what the consequences will be and how they will affect their families and loved ones. If a person believes they will get into trouble after saying the truth, they should have nothing to worry about, the authorities can help them and protect them. They won’t have to go through with the chance of loosing their lives just for doing a favor for someone else. The death penalty can be a bad factor because it can be used as a form of revenge or it can be discriminatory. Many of the officers in the jail do not like some of the inmates, and many can get away with doing bad things to them. They can discriminate them. There’s lots of discrimination going on in prisons. Blacks comprise 12 percent of the U.S. population, but forty-one of those on death row and thirty-five percent of those executed between the years Arvizu 9 1977 and 2001 were black, according to the Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice Statistics(cbsnews). Many people can be falsely accused ass well. Someone can make it look like the other person did something bad just to get them into jail. Innocent people can be wrongly executed. For taking the fault of others they will suffer this horrible punishment. It is all in the person to give the right information and say the truth. But if they are truly guilty for that accusation then they will need to pay for their actions. The only solution from removing criminals is by applying the death penalty. It can be a hard thing to do. But after looking at all the people who suffer due to these criminals and the decisions they make and acts they perform, the society should get together and think about their safety and also their families safety. The death penalty has its good sides and also has its bad sides. But when it comes down to making a decision, people should think twice. Everyone has their right to choose whether it is a good thing or whether it is a bad thing, they just need to make sure they are looking at everything and both sides many people are for the death penalty and many are against it. As shown in figure 1 below, throughout the years there has been more people for the death penalty than those who are against. From the years 1967 all the way through 1994 their has been a large increase in those who are for the death penalty. Arvizu 10The government should stop wasting their time and money on criminals. They should sentence those criminals who have done inhumane things the death penalty. It will help the economy. It will bring closure and happiness to many families, and it will create a much safer environment for people. Society needs to talk to their legislature to get actions done. Society should look more into on the death penalty and realize it can better our community. It will make a huge change in the lives of many people.