Abstract: in India suffer from gynecological problems [5]. Around300

Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the various factors that affect women health and these factors vary based on the economic status of the people. It depicts various analyses done by different organizations on women health. This paper also talks about few programs organized by Government and NGO’s for the development of women in India. It provides a clear picture on Indian society’s attitude towards women and its impact on Indian Women’s psychology. It also suggests a few software which can help in Women development activities and also provide a way to apply Big-Data analytics to analyze factors affecting women health, their disease & cure status and can also evaluate the effectiveness of existing scheme, which can serve as input for the upcoming schemes.Keyword: Labor Status, Work Stress, Family Planning, Software Alerts, Sexual Abuse.I. INTRODUCTIONHealth should be provided with primary attention since it contributes to human wellbeing and economic growth 1. Women in India face a multitude of health problems, which ultimately affect the aggregate economy’s output. There are various factors that contribute these problems and health organizations are working hard to improve human health for a better future 2.To start with according to UNICEF3, a health organization, only around 47 per cent of women go for institutional delivery and 53 percent had their births assisted by a skilled birth attendant. Only 46.6 percent of mothers receive iron and folic acid for at least 100 days during pregnancy 4. The average nutritional intake of women is 1400 calories per day whereas; the necessary requirement is approximately 2200 calories 5. 38% of all HIV positive people in India are women yet only 25% of beds in AIDS care centers in India are occupied by them 6. 92% of women in India suffer from gynecological problems 5. Around300 women die every day due to childbirth and pregnancy related causes 7. The maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births in the year 1995 was 4408.Infertility- a diminished or absent capacity to produce offspring where the possibility of achieving conception is not completely ruled out’ (UNFPA, 2000) is at once a biological and a socio-psychological problem in India since motherhood is considered as the centrality in women’s lives in the country. This makes infertility an emotionally difficult experience for them, stigma and blame often being directed at infertile/ childless women. Such women are ill-treatedby the society by not permitting them to attend any ceremonies conducted in the families. Most of the marriages are broken and resulted in diverse due to infertility. Thus, infertility impairs their social relationships, threaten the marital relationship, lower the woman’s self-confidence and make her feel powerless.The Scope of the paper is as follows: The first section is an introduction to Women Health and the second section talks about the various factors that affect Women’s Health in India and analyses these factors based on their economic conditions. Third section provides a brief statistical study on the various analyses already existing, and the fourth section explains some of Women’s developmental activities currently existing in India. The fifth section discusses Society’s attitude towards women and their psychology and the last section is a step towards various software that can support women and thereafter we conclude our paper.II. FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN HEALTHA. Abortion and Neglect to Girl Child: Frequent and unplanned pregnancies are the major reason for most of the abortions. Preference to boy child due to religious myths & psychological factors is a reason for abortion of girl child in India. Indian society disgrace Minor girls and their family who are not married but got conceived, as they have become rape victims or unawareness, hence the head of the family forces such girls to undergo abortion to safeguard the image of their family.B. Women’s Labor Status: Gender discrimination exists in almost all work places and there is a significant difference in wages paid, where women workers are paid less for the same work than their male counterparts. This is also a phenomenon rampant in private sector where preference is given to male employees owing to the increased cost involved in maternity and other health related benefits that a woman might require. This gender discrimination is also a cause for social and economic weakness among women which is leaving them with little means to care for their health and wellbeing, resulting in delayed diagnosis of diseases.C. Work Stress: Most studies show that women take care of all the household activities and play a major role in raising their children. These responsibilities make them with very little time and attention to their own health and wellbeing. Female employees have to struggle a lot to balance work and family responsibilities. Hence work-life balance is an issue with most working women leading to decreased output, which in turn adds to their personal stress and subsequently their health.D. Malnutrition in Women: In pregnant and nursing women, malnutrition increases the likelihood of mortality due to pregnancy-related complications in delivering an underweight baby. Children born underweight are at risk of suffering from acute infectious diseases as well as chronic diseases and physical, neurological, and cognitive impairments.The result is a vicious cycle in which succeeding generations are vulnerable to death, disease, cognitive impairment, reduced productivity and continuing poverty.E. No Proper Family Planning: Voluntary family planning is one of the great public health advances of the past century, enabling women to make informed decisions about having children, reduce unintended pregnancies as well as maternal and newborn deaths.F. Women with Disability: The 2001 Census estimates that there are over 9 million women with disabilities in India constituting 3.5% of the population, 98% of them are illiterate: less than 1% can avail healthcare and rehabilitation services (Action Aid 2003 15). But these statistics are only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to gauging the level of neglect, isolation stigma and deprivation that characterize their lives. Most of them are living their life as a curse of their family and many are unable to get a life partner. The majority of women with disabilities in India suffer the triple discrimination of being female, being disabled and being poor.G. Literacy Rate: Inequality based on gender differences resulted in female literacy rates being lower at 65.46% than that of their male counterparts at 82.14%. This inequality leads to less care for women’s health. Since many of them are not educated enough, their awareness towards health-related problems is low.H. Indian Social Setup: Women are generally confined to their homes thus restricting their mobility and face seclusion. The women face constraints beyond those already placed on them by other hierarchical practices. When a family suffers economically, people often think that a woman should go out and work, yet at the same time the woman’s participation in employment outside the home is viewed as “slightly inappropriate, subtly wrong and definitely dangerous to their chastity and womanly virtue” according to azadindia.org. This social setup does not permit women to disclose their health problems to others.I. Physical and Sexual Abuse: Women are widely sexually abused in our country, which may affect them mentally, physically and psychologically, they are unable to come out of that fear. Even in metropolitan cities like Bangalore and Delhi especially girl children even less than 9 years are wildly undergoing sexual harassment. These incidents are even happening inside Schools which needs to be seriously noticed; whereas the school authorities are not ready to take the responsibility of the safety of our children.Women face many injustices and inequalities both in terms of economic factors and human rights. An often-overlooked aspect of this phenomenon is their health. Women are often victims of violence, sexual abuse, harassments of various kinds requiring specialized rehabilitation. Adolescent girls are a highlyvulnerable group as they are subject to many atrocities like trafficking, rape, child marriage, that affect their physical, psychological, and mental health. Now these days acid attack is highly noticed crime on adolescent girls which completely spoils their health.III. A BRIEF STUDY FROM EXISTING LITERATURETo prove that the first factor stated in this paper affected girl children a lot, census details of 2001 and 2011 are analyzed which clearly states that in various states of India sex selective abortions are conducted and that resulted reduction in the number of girl children in our Country, and such abortions are affecting the health of the mother as well. In 1991, the number of girls for 1000 boys were 945 and it fell to 927 in 2001, a fall of 18 points (1.9%). In 2011, it has fallen to 914, a fall of 13 points (1.4%)9.The various types of violence against girl children and women can be listed as in the below table which is a huge variant where we need to find solutions to stop these:SL NO. STAGES TYPE OF VIOLENCE1 ELDER • Physical Abuse • Exploitation of Household Labor • With holding adequate food, clothing and daily necessities • Mercy Killing2 ADULT • Domestic Violence • Violence from In-Laws • Sexual Abuse • Sexual Neglect • Forced to watch and Imitate pornographic acts• Sexual Harassment • Extreme Exploitation of Household Labor • Intimate homicide • Honour Killing • With holding adequate food, clothing and daily necessities3 YOUNG ADULT • Rape • Denied choice of marriage partner • Dowry related death • Intimate partner Violence • Sexual harassment4 TEEN AGER • Rape • Forced marriage to parent’s choice • Ignorance about Sex • Trafficked • Forced into Prostitution • Cyber stalking by Boy friends • Harassment5 CHILD • Child Labor • Little or no Schooling • Child Prostitution • Physical Abuse • Neglect • Abusive teasing by siblings • Virgin Cleansing6 INFANT • Female Foeticide • Sex Selected Abortion • Infanticide • Malnutrition by withholding nutritious food and medicines. Source: http://www.bwss.org/resources/ information-on-abuse/numbers-are-people-too/IV. GOVERNMENT AND NGO PROGRAMMES TO PROMOTE WOMEN HEALTHThere are so many programmes that exist in India to protect the rights of Women as encompassed in the Country’s Constitution.Few programmes that support women’s empowerment are as follows 10:1. SAKSHAM is the name of a project mainly located at Andhra Pradesh, the key objective is that by 2012, NGOs and CBOs will be working for reducing risk of HIV/AIDS and STD contraction amongst sex-workers. SAKSHAM works to train institutions and civil society through programmes to mobilize communities and develop innovative strategies for reaching sex workers with interventions for HIV/AIDS and STD prevention. These interventions include training that builds capacities of sex workers to address socio-cultural and political structures which keep them exploited, disadvantaged and excluded in society, thereby increasing their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS and STDs10.2. AKSHYA is another programme mainly concentrating on the areas like Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, which works to address identified challenges in the treatment of Tuberculosis (TB) such as insufficient laboratory capacity for detection and follow up of requisite drug resistance cases along with funding gaps for procurement of second line drugs for all Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases to be initiated with treatment. The first objective is to establish and enhance capacity for quality assured rapid diagnosis of Drug Resistant TB (DR-TB) in 43 Culture and Drug Susceptibility Testing (DST) laboratories in India by 201510.3. Family Health Initiative is a programme especially for Bihar to significantly improve maternal, newborn and child health outcomes by 2015. Strong government leadership, movement toward integration and system strengthening through the Bihar Health Sector Reform Programme (BHSRP), and increased resources create a unique opportunity for progress10.4. Asha Jyoti: Women’s Healthcare Mobile Outreach Program Commitment By RAD-AID International initiated in 2012, committed to implement a unique integrated mobile women’s health outreach program to provide screening and referral for breast cancer, cervical cancer, and osteoporosis to over 7,000 underserved patients over five years in Northern India, in the Punjab province and City of Chandigarh.105. Women’s Empowerment through Healthcare, Economic Independence and Rights is focusing Areas like Women’s Empowerment, Healthcare, Sustainable Rural Development in Karnal District, Haryana. Many women in rural Haryana, especially poor women, have marginal control over their lives and little access to education and other government services. Haryana state has the lowest ratio of women to men in India, a testament to widespread female foeticide 10.V. SOCIETY’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS WOMEN AND WOMEN’S PSYCHOLOGY IN INDIAIndian law permits women to do many things, but family won’t. Indian women arenot compelled to watch what they are doing and saying because the State may disapprove of their behaviors, or punish them for those considered immoral for a woman, unfeminine or dishonorable. Indian women are constantly worried, almost obsessed, about what their family and immediate community may say, do or not do. Whether it’s a high-class family or a low class or middle class the head of the Indian family will be a male member especially in the joint family. Women in such feudal environments, with limited support, opportunities and protections beyond, are not merely coping with, managing, adapting and adjusting to State laws or policies that restrict or constrain them. Most women in these communities don’t even know what the State policies are. They are struggling to manage all the economic, cultural and/or psychological pushes, pressures and persuasions their family authority figures and relatives place on them.Women in high class family will be provided with education for sure, and enjoy few freedoms like going for partying, shopping and all. Even middle-class family women also will be provided with education but main motive behind it will be so that they can get a job to lead their life, whereas lower class families hardly educate their women and will be making arrangements for their marriage soon they become 18 or even before. Usually they may not be aware of the laws available to support them.VI. SOFTWARE TO SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIESCurrently there are few software available which helps in providing safer health. Healthcare consultant and entrepreneur Dr. Aakash Ganju examines the state of maternal and child health in India, and the potential for health (mobile health) solutions to improve care11. He states, Over 25 million Indian mothers and young children (under the age of 5) have died in the last two decades due to pregnancy or childbirth related causes11. That’s nearly as much as the number of people that have died of the AIDS epidemic11. About 20% of global maternal deaths and deaths of children under the age of 5 are in India. With 27 million new births annually (more than the population of Australia), these staggering numbers reflect the challenge, the urgency and the opportunity to provide better care for mothers and children in India11. But India’s mobile revolution offers hope. Over the last decade, Indian consumers have bought mobile phones in the masses. Between 1995 and 2002, India had 6 million mobile subscriptions. In the next 10 years, India’s mobile subscriptions grew to over 800 million. Mobile phones are now ubiquitous, even in rural communities.11 Their penetration has increased faster and deeper than any other service. More Indians today have access to a mobile phone than a toilet!11.Annual Report 2012-13; Telecom Regulatory Authority of India triggered the idea of implementing health programmes through mobiles12. It can be medical related information spreading through text or voice, a short movie or video imparting basic health related knowledge for those who are technically not sound11. Otherwise even applications can be built to check medical conditions through mobiles, but thedifficulty is that the users should be trained how to make use of those applications. 11A number of health services are exploring how software can be used to generate demand for consumption of health services, empower healthcare workers with training and tools to better monitor the health of pregnant women, new mothers and their children. Challenges abound though.Applications to monitor during Pregnancy: Applications can be developed to monitor heart beat (pulse rate), blood glucose, cholesterol level, hydration and electrolyte balance, body temperature, respiration rate and stress level of pregnant ladies along with necessary sensors and equipment to measure them properly and to report it to nearby health center so that if anything goes wrong emergency medical services can be provided.Mobile Heart Monitor: Mobile applications along with personal health sensors can detect normal heart rhythms from arterial fibrillation. Sensors read heart beats and can recognize abnormal heart beat that can raise the risk of stroke and heart disease.Mobile Brain Health Scanners: Mobile applications along with neuro devices targets brain’s ability to grow new connections when it responds to changes in its environment Many medical companies are developing neural activity recording (EEG) devices for neuro feedback and sleep analysis.Smart software: Artificial intelligence software can manage huge amount of clinical data; hence applications can be developed that offers personalized health information based genetic profile, personal health trackers, medical literature and current research information.VII. A STEP TOWARDS BIG DATA ANALYTICSWe have a huge amount of data in wide varieties related to Women health and have to fetch relevant data out of it, for which big data analytics have to be performed. These analytics help us to identify the impact of various factors that affect women health in India.We propose Big-Data analytical techniques using Hadoop 12 and Hive 12 so as to identify some parameters for each of these factors and to generate a mathematical model. This model is on the basis of the relationship of these factors in correlation with the improvement on women health developmental activities, which can be analyzed and evaluated to identify which factor affect women health more and can come up with a solution that can improve women health.All these factors need not be of same importance because of the difference in the impact that they offer on women health. A small change in few of the factors may improve our topic of concern in a huge manner.Diseases & remedies Factors Schemes Social Media Extract Health Data Extract Women Health Details Analyze the existing schemes to check effectiveness Generate Report Identify New Schemes Analyze public opinion on various Health Improvement SchemesFirstly, segregate women health related data and load into Hadoop HDFS and provide that to mahout for mapReduce algorithms to run and analyze them based on the various factors as the key for analysis. Group them based on those factors and store them in Cassandra to perform real time access, generate mathematical model based on the analysis and assign a value for the impact of each of those factors which can be considered while working for the development of Women so that which factor to be addressed first and in which sequence it to be dealt will be clear for the government.Thus, it helps us to determine which factor is more predominant in the current scenario and which one has more impact on women health.VIII. CONCLUSIONHealth is the area where much attention must be given in India., especially women and female children are given with less importance. More attention and monitoring are required on the current programs available for women health enhancement in India. In this aspect this paper initiates study on health in India especially on women, so that more ideas will get generated to improve their health with the support of software application which can even be implemented within mobiles.