Abortion is an ethical dilemma that came up relatively recently and has the world thinking. Is it right to end a pregnancy, and therefore kill an unborn foetus? This is an issue that many people have very strong opinions on, and there are many sides and perspectives to this debate. Here I will be discussing the different arguments that people have regarding this topic, as well as my personal opinion on abortion. The first opinion is pro-life. This is a group that believes abortion is unethical, and say that the unborn baby’s right to life outweighs the woman’s right to control her own body. Therefore, abortion is murder and morally wrong and should be illegal. This is used as an ethical argument because of utilitarianism, which is essentially about “the greater good”. Pro-life believers say that the life of the foetus is a greater good than the well-being of the woman, and so killing the foetus to favour the woman is unethical. However, the issue is not this straightforward, as different people believe this for different reasons. Most people are pro-life because they believe that everyone should take responsibility for their actions. That means if a woman has sex of her own free will and gets pregnant, she should take responsibility for the child because it was a consequence of her action. American columnist, Mona Charen, put it this way: “a woman has the right to choose whether or not to become pregnant. She makes that choice before engaging in sex. To make that ‘choice’ after a pregnancy is underway, merely as a matter of birth control, is an immoral act.” However, many disagree with this logic, as it does not specify if abortion is still wrong when the woman has involuntarily had sex; for example, rape. Another group of people believe in pro-life because they say abortion violates feminist rights. They say that ending a pregnancy allows society to ignore women’s needs. For example, a scenario where a teenager gets pregnant. By keeping the baby, it forces society to provide inexpensive childcare and support for mothers. However, by aborting the foetus, society is given the liberty to side-step this issue. However, this topic has many other sides, including a group of people that are “pro-choice”, or support the idea that women can have an abortion. The first reason would be that a pregnancy can be disruptive to a woman, her employment, and her family life. People who believe this way about abortion continue by saying that abortion is necessary to enforce women’s rights; a woman cannot reintegrate into the workforce and take a well-paying job if she is forced to have children when she gets pregnant. In this scenario, this could cause this woman to lose her job and become a stay-at-home mother as she is required to look after her children. Pro-choice believers also say that abortion is necessary to have gender equality. If women are required by law to raise children once they get pregnant, they do not have the same freedom to pursue a career as a man would. If abortion was legal, though, they could still have the same freedom as men. Sarah Weddington, American attorney and law professor said, “this … is a matter which is of such fundamental and basic concern to the woman involved that she should be allowed to make the choice as to whether to continue or to terminate her pregnancy.” Another large concern many people have with outlawing abortion is that it denies women bodily rights. Using the utilitarian rule, pro-choice believers say that a woman’s bodily rights are a greater good than the right to life of an unborn foetus. They also reason that a woman has the right to decide what she can do with her body, and a foetus exists inside a woman’s body, therefore she has the right to decide whether or not to keep the foetus. However, opposers to this argument say that a foetus is not a “part” of a woman’s body as an organ would be, and is a separate human being altogether with its own right to life. Personally, I think that abortion is necessary for women to have equal rights to men. I believe that a foetus is not yet a human with its own right to life, and a woman’s right to decide what to do with her body is a much greater good. Nevertheless, I think that if abortion is the least evil of several evils, and if possible, should be avoided. One of the larger issues with the abortion topic is who is actually able to make the decision, and who has input in the decision. Father’s rights are highly contested within the abortion issue. Do fathers have the right to demand or decline an abortion? Do mothers have the right to disagree? Men participate equally in conceiving a child, so perhaps that means that they should have equal rights in deciding what happens to that child. Most countries put a mother’s rights over father’s rights, as mothers are required to bear the child. On the other hand, some people say that fathers have an ethical obligation to care for a child after birth, so they should have an ethical choice as to whether the child is born. In conclusion, abortion is still a highly contested argument, with multiple ethical concerns. I personally believe that abortion should be legal, especially in cases of rape and medical concerns with the foetus. Singapore shares a similar opinion; abortion is legal but restricted to Singaporeans and their wives, and women who have resided in Singapore for a minimum of four months. It is also illegal if the pregnancy has passed 24 weeks. Many countries have different viewpoints on this topic: places like the US have legalized abortion; others like Singapore have abortion laws but with several restrictions; and a few like Ireland have outlawed it, only allowing a woman to terminate their pregnancy if it will save her life. Nonetheless, this is being questioned more frequently as we learn about the ethical arguments behind abortion.