A philosophical and literary movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrating nature, emotion, and imagination is known as transcendentalism. Supporters of the movement feel that society and its organizations have caused corruption towards the purity of the people. Transcendentalists believed that humanity is at their peak when they are independent and self reliant. The transcendentalism reform movement of the 19th century created the most significant contribution to our current American identity, thus creating long lasting change. The followers of this philosophy began the practice of civil disobedience, the refusal to obey the laws that are seen as unjust in an effort to bring about a change in governmental policy. The practice of civil disobedience would begin to appear in future events, such as the Civil Rights Movement, which shows that even over 100 years later, the transcendentalism movement is still shaping America. The concept of nonviolent and peaceful resistance towards oppressive government was also a powerful inspiration for Mohandas Gandhi and the independence movement against Britain. Transcendentalists also sought to bring an end to slavery, for they felt it was wrong and did not allow the slaves to develop and reach their full potential. This would later contribute to the abolitionist movement, which is a major part of American identity. Even the current American identity is still experiencing the long lasting change of the Transcendentalism reform movement. A lot of American literature is influenced from literature written by Henry Thoreau, one of the founders of Transcendentalism. Other American intellectuals such as Ernest Holmes, the founder of Religious Science, Emma Curtis Hopkins, known as “the teacher of teachers”, the Fillmores, founders of Unity, and Malinda Cramer and Nona L. Brooks, the founders of Divine Science. As can be seen through American history, Transcendentalism majorly impacted American identity, and was able to create a change that is still prevalent today.