A. Camera was introduced which featured a 493×373 pixel

A.     Digital ImagingThe sixth technology is Digital imaging. It was a radical innovation in technology. Digital image processing (also called digital picture processing) began development in the 1960s at the Universities and research facilities. The digital image processing is useful in many fields, for example: satellite imagery, wire-photo standards conversion, medical imaging, videophone, character recognition, and photograph enhancement (Rosenfeld, 1969). It has dedicated hardware with processors used in most computers, and images can be used in real life standards such as television standards conversion in 1970s. In the 2000s, the digital image processing was the most common and general technology in real life. The first digital camera was manufactured by Eastman Kodak in December 1975 (PetaPixel, 2017). The world’s first production digital camera was brought in the market by Kodak and Steve Sasson. In 1996, Kodak DC25 Camera was introduced which featured a 493×373 pixel CCD sensor, 47-mm equivalent lens, and a LCD display. It was also the first to support CompactFlash cards and a PCMCIA slot. It was nearly $700 cheaper than its competitor. It was focused on photo journalists market, because it had a cheaper price and a LCD display, that made previewing the picture after clicking, an easy task.Nikon F3 that was made in November 1978, and less weight than Nikon F2. F3 was supplied to NASA, that used it for the first space shuttle in 1981. It was used to track the record of satellite for Apollo program and Skylab program in 1970s. (Imaging Products, n.d.) Canon RC-701 was the very first still video camera marketed in July 1986. It had a high-speed shutter-priority and multi-program automatic exposure feature. It was designed for the professional photographer market (Global. Canon, 2017). B.      CCD and CMOS sensorsIn 1960s, Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith created the CCD (Sorrel C., 2017). They were called the father of Digital Photography. According to Sorrel (2017), the CCD was the method that use a light-sensitive silicon chip to digitize an image. In 1967, Frank Wanlass patented CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor. It was another image sensor technology. Both technologies were incremental innovations of Digital imaging. They made the cameras smaller and lighter with longer lasting batteries. The representative product of CCD sensor technology was Canon EOS 1D that was launched in 2001. It was a professional camera that had a target market in news and sports. Because 1D’s image processing speed was faster, the image was clearer. The representative product of CMOS was Nikon Coolpix P7100. The target market of P7100 was amateurs because of the lower price and high image quality.