1. agriculture, creation of irrigation systems, and raised fields,

1.       Olmeca

–          The basis of Mexico’s culture came from the Olmeca civilization. Although the origin of this society is not exactly determined it is agreed they came from a mixture civilization in Mesoamrica that sprung into exsistence. They were the first people who created kingdoms that contained a social and political structure. Furthermore, it is known to be the first cultures to be located in the tropical lowlands, specifically present-day Veracruz, Tabasco, and northern Central America.             

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2.       Mayans

–          The Mayans began as agricultural villages around 1800BC. But as their increase in trade network, experimentation with agriculture, creation of irrigation systems, and raised fields, allowing their culture and civilization to grow. Around 250 AD – 900AD the Mayan civilization dominated areas such Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas, Tabasco, Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras, and El Salvador.

3.       Teotihuacan

–          Teotihuacan was a city located in the Valley of Teotihuacan, known as the “city of the gods” and the primary city of Mesoamerican civilizations in 200BC. Toward the end of the Formative Preclassic period, the city became an empire that house 150,000 people within its boundaries.

4.       Tolteca

–          The Tolteca was a civilization that lived in central Mexico in the tenth century AD, from 900 AD -1150 AD. The people of this society contained Chichimeca roots, which spoke Nauhua. The capital of their civilization was Tula, founded in the ninth century. Located 40 miles north of present Mexico City and contained Teotihuacan heritage.

5.       Tarasco

–          The Tarasco were people (also known as Purepecha) that dominated the areas west of Mexico, where now is present-day Michoacan. Their Origin is not exactly determined but, it is believed they are part Chichimeca. The Tarascan civilization began through political unification of eight city-states located in the inner Parazcuaro Basin. Their dominated these areas for 1600 years, from 150 BC to 1530 AD.

6.       Aztecs

–          The Aztec empire began in the capital of Tenochtitlan, founded between 1325 and 1345 AD on an island in Lake Texacoco where now is the City of Mexico. They developed a well organized or structured political, social, and commercial system that allowed them to thrive. In addition the Aztec culture was majorly influenced by the Tolteca culture.